Journal of Seismology

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 133–143 | Cite as

A seismological overview of long-period ground motion

  • Kazuki KoketsuEmail author
  • Hiroe Miyake
Original article


Long-period ground motion has become an increasingly important consideration because of the recent rapid increase in the number of large-scale structures, such as high-rise buildings and oil storage tanks. Large subduction-zone earthquakes and moderate to large crustal earthquakes can generate far-source long-period ground motions in distant sedimentary basins with the help of path effects. Near-fault long-period ground motions are generated, for the most part, by the source effects of forward rupture directivity. Far-source long-period ground motions consist primarily of surface waves with longer durations than near-fault long-period ground motions. They were first recognized in the seismograms of the 1968 Tokachi-oki and 1966 Parkfield earthquakes, and their identification has been applied to the 1964 Niigata earthquake and earlier earthquakes. Even if there is no seismogram, we can identify far-source long-period ground motions through the investigation of tank damage by liquid sloshing.


Far-source long-period ground motion Near-fault long-period ground motion Source effect Path effect Site effect Liquid sloshing 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Earthquake Research InstituteUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan

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