Advertisement

Switching Time Probing in Electric Field–Assisted Magnetization of PbZrTiO3/Cobalt Structure

  • M. Shafei
  • M. M. TehranchiEmail author
  • S. M. Hamidi
Original Paper
  • 3 Downloads

Abstract

Electric field–assisted full magnetization switching in a multiferroic heterostructure composed of a PbZrTiO3 (PZT) substrate and 100 nm cobalt (Co) layer was investigated. For this, by measuring magnetic in plane anisotropy of the sample, using magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE), it was shown that the sample has a uniaxial anisotropy. In addition, the coercive field of the Co layer can be tuned by applying an electric field to the PZT which can be used in electric field–assisted magnetization reversal in the Co layer. Direct measurement reveals that electric field–assisted magnetization switching in layers take place in about 100 μs that is in compatibility with domain wall motion. Our measurement is a promising technique for probing of switching time in electric field–assisted magnetization switching elements.

Keywords

Magnetization dynamics Response time Electric field Magnetization switching 

Notes

References

  1. 1.
    Pyatakov, A.P., Zvezdin, A.K.: Physics-Uspekhi. 55, 000 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ji, H., Wang, Y.G., Li, Y.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 442, 242 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ahadi, K., Mahdavi, S.M., Nemati, A., Kianinia, M.: J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 22, 815 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yasukawa, Y., Liu, X., Morisako, A.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 327, 95 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Khalkhali, S.M.H., Tehranchi, M.M., Hamidi, S.M.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 355, 188 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Roy, K., Bandyopadhyay, S., Atulasimha, J.: J. Appl. Phys. 112, 023914 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. Atulasimhai, S. Bandyopadhya, 12th IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology, (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fashami, M.S., Roy, K., Atulasimha, J., Bandyopadhyay, S.: Nanotechnology. 22, 155201 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hu, J.M., Li, Z., Chen, L.Q., Nan, C.W.: Nat. Commun. 2, 553 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chen, Y., Fitchorov, T., Vittoria, C., Harris, V.G.: Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 052502 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Liu, M., Lou, J., Li, S., Sun, N.X.: Adv. Funct. Mater.Advanced Functional Materials. 21, 2593 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhang, S., Zhao, Y.G., Li, P.S., Yang, J.J., Rizwan, S., Zhang, J.X., Seidel, J., Qu, T.L., Yang, Y.J., Luo, Z.L., He, Q., Zou, T., Chen, Q.P., Wang, J.W., Yang, L.F., Sun, Y., Wu, Y.Z., Xiao, X., Jin, X.F., Huang, J., Gao, C., Han, X.F., Ramesh, R.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 137203 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chiba, D., Yamanouchi, M., Matsukura, F., Ohno, H.: Science. 301, 943 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Shiota, Y., Maruyama, T., Nozaki, T., Shinjo, T., Shiraishi, M., Suzuki, Y.: Appl. Phys. Express. 2, 063001 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Cai, K., Yang, M., Ju, H., Wang, S., Ji, Y., Li, B., Edmonds, K.W., Sheng, Y., Zhang, B., Zhang, N., Liu, S., Zheng, H., Wang, K.: Nat. Mater. 16, 712 (2017)ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Xue, X., Zhou, Z., Peng, B., Zhu, M., Zhang, Y., Ren, W., Ren, T., Yang, X., Nan, T., Sun, N.X., Liu, M.: Sci. Rep. 5, 16480 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Vansteenkiste, A., Leliaert, J., Dvornik, M., Garcia-Sanchez, F., Van Waeyenberge, B.: AIP Adv. 4, 107133 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. Grigoriev, D. H. Do, D. M. Kim, C. B. Eom, B. Adams, E. M. Dufresne, P. G. Evans, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc, 902, 0902-T06–09.1, (2006)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    B. D. CULLITY, C. D. GRAHAM, “INTRODUCTION TO MAGNETIC MATERIALS, 2nd Edition”, Wiley-IEEE Press, (2008)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Malozemoff, A.P., Slonczewski, J.C.: Magnetic Domain Walls in Bubble Materials. Academic Press, New York (1979)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Roy, K., Bandyopadhyay, S., Atulasimha, J.: Phys. Rev. B. 83, 224412 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laser and Plasma Research InstituteShahid Beheshti UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsShahid Beheshti UniversityTehranIran

Personalised recommendations