Magnetic Properties of NiFe2O4 Compound: Ab Initio Calculation and Monte Carlo Simulation
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The structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of the NiFe2O4 compound are studied using several theoretical methods such as first-principle calculations based on density functional theory (DFT), Monte Carlo simulations, and mean-field theory. The exchange-correlation potential was resolved by generalized gradient approximation (GGA) that underestimates the band gap energy value; therefore, this later needed to be corrected using the GGA + U approximation. The gap energy value (1.10 eV) obtained by the theoretical method is in good agreement with experimental value (0.99 eV). Using ab initio calculations, the exchange-coupling interactions are J1 = 40.665 meV, J2 = 45.382 meV, and J3 = −3.260 meV. Moreover, the semiconductor NiFe2O4 compound exhibits a second-order ferromagnetic-paramagnetic phase transition around TC = 844 K; this value is in good agreement with experimental results. The total magnetization, susceptibility, and specific heat of this compound are investigated.
KeywordsAb initio calculation GGA + U approximation NiFe2O4 compound Monte Carlo simulations Critical temperature
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