Effect of Nickel Addition on the Magnetic and Microstructural Properties of Cu-Al-Fe Alloy

  • E. AldirmazEmail author
  • M. Güler
  • E. Güler
Original Paper


The Ni addition on the magnetic properties of a Cu-10%Al-5%Fe (wt.%) alloy was studied. The alloy was produced by an arc melting method, and its magnetic properties such as coercivity and magnetization saturation were measured using a physical property measuring system (PPMS) instrument. In addition, structural properties of the alloys were characterized by the use of X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses. From SEM observations, two distinct phases were found to be in the microstructure consisting of (α + γ2) eutectoid and kappa (κI, κII, and κIII) phases. After the addition of the Ni element in the Cu-10%Al-5%Fe, we observed a decrement for the secondary κII phase. The magnetization curves, M-H, exhibited a clear ferromagnetic behavior. Present results indicate soft magnetic properties for the investigated alloy.


CuAlFe Eutectoid Kappa (κCoercivity Hysteresis loop 



The financial support of Amasya University project is gratefully acknowledged (ProjectNos. FMB-BAP 19-0405).


  1. 1.
    Humpback Van, J., Janssen, J., Mwamba, N., Delaey, L.: Scripta Metall. 18, 893 (1984)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Janocha, H.: Adaptronics and Smart Structures, Ed., Springer, (1999)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Duerig, T.W., Zadno, R.: An engineer’s perspective of pseudo elasticity, in: Engineering Aspects of Shape Memory Alloys, Butterworth Heinemann, London 369 (1990)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Müller, I., Xu, H.: On the hysteresis in shape memory alloys, in: The Martensitic Transformation in Science and Technology, Eds. E. Hombogen and N. Jost, DGM Informationsgesellschaft Verlag 319 (1989)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sajjadi, S.A., Zebarjad, S.M.: J. Mater. Process. Technol. 189, 107 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yang, Z.G., Fang, H.S.: Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 9, 277 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Oliveira, F.L.G., Andrade, M.S., Cota, A.B.: Mater. Charact. 58, 256 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Elwazri, A.M., Wanjara, P., Yue, S.: Mater. Sci. Eng. A. 404, 91 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dash, J., Otte, H.M.: Acta Metall. 11, 1169 (1963)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Thewlis, G.: Mater. Sci. Technol. 20, 143 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Güler, E.: Mater. Chem. Phys. 107, 183 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Friend, C.M.: Scr. Metall. 23, 1817 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dagdelen, F., Gokhan, T., Aydogdu, A., Aydogdu, Y., Adigüzel, O.: Mater. Lett. 57, 1079 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gupta, R., K., Ghosh, B.R., Sinha, P.P.: Metal Sci. Heat Treat. 47, 526 (2005)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sláma, P., Dlouhı, J., Kövér, M.: MATEC 9,1580–2949, 48 (4), 599 (2014)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pisarek, B.P.: Arch. Foundry Eng. 13, 72 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mehboob, N.: Hysteresis properties of soft magnetic materials, angestrebter akademischer Grad Doktorin der Naturwissenschaften (Dr. rer.nat.), Wien, (2012)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Herzer, G.: Scr. Metall. Mater. 33(1011), 1741 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Herzer, G.: IEEE Trans. Magn. 25(5), 3327 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Meigh, H.J.: Cast and wrought aluminum bronzes: properties, processes and structure, IOM Communications Ltd. London, 156 (2000)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wen Xu, J.: J. Alloys Comp. 448, 331 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Castro, M.L., Romero, R.: Mater. Sci. Eng. A273–275, 577 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sutou, Y., Omori, T., Furukawa, A., Takahashi, Y., Kainuma, R., Yamauchi, K., Yamashita, S., Ishida, K.: Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater. 69B, 64 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Gao, L.L., Cheng, X.H.: Mater. Sci.-Poland 25, 1119 (2007)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Aydogdu, Y., Turabi, A.S., Kok, M., Aydogdu, A., Tobe, H., Karaca, H.E.: Appl. Phys. A Mater. 117, 2073 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Gavrila, H., Ionita, V.: J. Optoelectronic Adv. Mater. 173, 192 (2002)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Herzer, G.: In: Buschow, K.H.J. (ed.) Handbook of Magnetic Materials, Elsevier Science B.V., 10, 415 (1997)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Jiles, D.: Introduction to magnism and magnetic materials. Chapman and Hall (1991)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Oikawa, K., Koeda, N., Sutou, Y., Omori, T., Kainuma, R., Ishida K.: Mater. Trans.,45, 2780 (2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics, Science and Arts FacultyAmasya UniversityAmasyaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Science and Arts FacultyHitit UniversityCorumTurkey

Personalised recommendations