Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 32, Issue 12, pp 3837–3844 | Cite as

Sonochemical Synthesis of CoFe2-xNdxO4 Nanoparticles: Structural, Optical, and Magnetic Investigation

  • M. A. Almessiere
  • Y. Slimani
  • A. Demir Korkmaz
  • M. Sertkol
  • A. BaykalEmail author
  • I. Ercan
  • B. Özçelik
Original Paper


This investigation deals with CoFe2-xNdxO4 (x ≤ 0.2) nanoparticles (NPs) fabricated by sonochemically. The purity of all products was verified via X-ray powder diffraction. The crystallite size of the samples was calculated as less 12 nm. The spectral analyses also confirmed the presence of spinel ferrites. Both morphology and chemical purity of the spinel ferrite systems were confirmed by SEM, EDX, and elemental mapping analyses. The analyses of magnetization versus applied magnetic field, M(H), were performed. The following magnetic parameters like saturation magnetization Ms, squareness ratio (SQR = Mr / Ms), magnetic moment nB, coercivity Hc, and remanence Mr have been evaluated. The M(H) curves revealed the soft ferromagnetic nature for all CoFe2-xNdxO4 NPs. It is showed that the Nd3+ substitutions significantly affect the magnetization data. A decreasing trend in the Hc, Ms, nB, and Mr values was detected with Nd3+ substitution.


Rare earth Magnetic nanomaterials Spinel ferrites Magnetic properties Optical properties 


Funding Information

The study is supported by the Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (project application no. 2018-IRMC-S-2) of Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU, Saudi Arabia).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Almessiere
    • 1
    • 2
  • Y. Slimani
    • 2
  • A. Demir Korkmaz
    • 3
  • M. Sertkol
    • 4
  • A. Baykal
    • 5
    Email author
  • I. Ercan
    • 2
  • B. Özçelik
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Physics, College of ScienceImam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Biophysics, Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC)Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryIstanbul Medeniyet UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  4. 4.Deanship of Preparatory YearImam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  5. 5.Department of Nanomedicine Research, Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC)Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  6. 6.Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and LettersCukurova UniversityAdanaTurkey

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