Effects of Mg Substitution on the Structural and Magnetic Properties of Ni0.2MgxCo0.8−xFe2O4 Nanoparticle Ferrites
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Sol-gel auto-combustion is a method of preparing ferrite by combining combustion with chemical gel. In this study, Ni-Mg-Co ferrite powders are prepared by coprecipitation method, and the nanocrystals of Ni0.2MgxCo0.8−xFe2O4 are successfully synthesized. The structure and magnetic properties of undoped and Mg-substituted Ni-Co ferrite nanoparticles are systematically investigated. The methods used to characterize the prepared samples are X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and Vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). The synthesized samples are confirmed by XRD analysis to form a single-phase cubic spinel structure with crystals between 48 and 50 nm. With the increase of Mg ion concentration, the lattice constant decreases. The results of FTIR spectroscopy indicated that a spinel structure was formed. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images show spherical cubic microcrystals in the samples. EDX analysis confirms that the synthesized ferrite is pure phase structure, and Mg2+ is successfully replaced. With the increase of Mg2+ ion content, the saturation magnetization and remanent magnetization decreased from 70.16 to 39.77 emu/g and 36.40 to 20.20 emu/g at room temperature, respectively. Meanwhile, the coercivity decreases from 1032.16 to 378.50 Oe by increasing Mg2+ concentration. This also indicates that the Mg-substituted Ni-Co nano-ferrite has a low magnetic of multi-ferric material. The increasing of peak height of dM/dH at Hm indicates that the cubic spinel structure sample has good crystallinity and magnetic stability.
KeywordsNi-Mg-Co ferrite Mg-substituted Sol-gel auto-combustion Structural Magnetic properties
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