Advertisement

Structural and Magnetic Behavior of BaAlxCryFe11O19 (x + y = 1) Hexagonal Ferrites

  • M. Alimoradi
  • M. Yousefi
  • B. Sadeghi
  • M. M. Amini
  • A. Abbasi
Original Paper

Abstract

The present study aims to analyze barium hexagonal ferrite and its derivation behavior using sol-gel auto-combustion co-doped with Al3+/Cr3+ions. Also, the effects of dopants on structural and magnetic properties of prepared samples were investigated. To this purpose, the finest powders were preheated at 500 °C for 1 h and calcinated at 900 °C about 2 h. Then, the magnetic powders were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The XRD patterns show the magnetoplumbite phase. According to the Scherrer equation applied, inserting ions led to a decrease in lattice parameters (a and c) and crystallite size. The morphology of synthesized samples was observed by FESEM and proved the hexagonal shapes of the prepared samples. The nanoparticles sizes were recorded between 59 and 79 nm. Moreover, the magnetic properties of prepared samples were specified by VSM. The saturation magnetization (Ms) and remnant magnetization (Mr) of the synthesized magnetic powders were decreased by inserting Al3+/Cr3+ ions, while coercivity (Hc) increased from 5215 to 7178 Oe.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Nanocomposites Magnetic properties Sol-gel processes Ferrites 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to represent their acknowledgments to the Science and Research branch of Islamic Azad University.

References

  1. 1.
    Ansari, M., Bigham, A., Hassanzadeh-Tabrizi, S., Ahangar, H.A.: Synthesis and characterization of Cu0. 3Zn0. 5Mg0. 2Fe2O4 nanoparticles as a magnetic drug delivery system. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 439, 67–75 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sadiq, I., Naseem, S., Ashiq, M.N., Khan, M., Niaz, S., Rana, M.: Structural and dielectric properties of doped ferrite nanomaterials suitable for microwave and biomedical applications. Prog Nat Sci: Mater Int. 25(5), 419–424 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Staneva, D., Koutzarova, T., Vertruyen, B., Vasileva-Tonkova, E., Grabchev, I.: Synthesis, structural characterization and antibacterial activity of cotton fabric modified with a hydrogel containing barium hexaferrite nanoparticles. J. Mol. Struct. 1127, 74–80 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Guerrero-Serrano, A., Palomares-Sánchez, S., Mirabal-García, M., Matutes-Aquino, J.: Magneto-structural characterization of strontium substituted lead hexaferrite. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 25(4), 1223–1228 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Guerrero-Serrano, A., Pérez-Juache, T., Mirabal-García, M., Matutes-Aquino, J., Palomares-Sánchez, S.: Effect of barium on the properties of lead hexaferrite. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 24(8), 2307–2312 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Liu, Q., Liu, Y., Wu, C., Wang, Y., Li, J., Gao, L., Zhang, H.: Investigation on Zn-Sn co-substituted M-type hexaferrite for microwave applications. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 444, 421–425 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Haq, A., Anis-ur-Rehman, M.: Effect of Pb on structural and magnetic properties of Ba-hexaferrite. Phys. B Condens. Matter. 407(5), 822–826 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Koutzarova, T., Kolev, S., Grigorov, K., Ghelev, C., Zaleski, A., Vandenberghe, R.E., Ausloos, M., Henrist, C., Cloots, R., Nedkov, I.: In Structural and magnetic properties of nanosized barium hexaferrite powders obtained by microemulsion technique. J. Solid State Phenomena, Trans Tech Publ. pp 57–62 (2010)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Luo, H., Rai, B., Mishra, S., Nguyen, V., Liu, J.: Physical and magnetic properties of highly aluminum doped strontium ferrite nanoparticles prepared by auto-combustion route. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 324(17), 2602–2608 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hong, X., Xie, Y., Wang, X., Li, M., Le, Z., Gao, Y., Huang, Y., Qin, Y., Ling, Y.: A novel ternary hybrid electromagnetic wave-absorbing composite based on BaFe11. 92 (LaNd) 0.04 O19-titanium dioxide/multiwalled carbon nanotubes/polythiophene. Compos. Sci. Technol. 117, 215–224 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Abbas, W., Ahmad, I., Kanwal, M., Murtaza, G., Ali, I., Khan, M.A., Akhtar, M.N., Ahmad, M.: Structural and magnetic behavior of Pr-substituted M-type hexagonal ferrites synthesized by sol–gel autocombustion for a variety of applications. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 374, 187–191 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Auwal, I., Baykal, A., Güngüneş, H., Shirsath, S.E.: Structural investigation and hyperfine interactions of BaBixLaxFe12− 2xO19 (0.0≤ x≤ 0.5) hexaferrites. Ceram. Int. 42(2), 3380–3387 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Auwal, I., Güngüneş, H., Baykal, A., Güner, S., Shirsath, S.E., Sertkol, M.: Structural, morphological, optical, cation distribution and Mössbauer analysis of Bi3+ substituted strontium hexaferrite. Ceram. Int. 42(7), 8627–8635 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Iqbal, M.J., Farooq, S.: Impact of Pr–Ni substitution on the electrical and magnetic properties of chemically derived nanosized strontium–barium hexaferrites. J. Alloys Compd. 505(2), 560–567 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yang, Y., Liu, X., Jin, D.: The impact of the iron content on the microstructure and magnetic properties of M-type ferrites Sr0. 45Ca0. 25La0. 30FexCo0. 25O19. Mater Sci Eng B. 186, 106–111 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Cao, X., Dong, H., Xu, Y., Meng, J., Sun, J.: Synthesis of rod-shaped BaCoxTixFe12− 2xO19 by precipitation-topactic reaction method and investigation of magnetic properties. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 441, 598–603 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Singh, J., Singh, C., Kaur, D., Narang, S.B., Joshi, R., Mishra, S.R., Jotania, R., Ghimire, M., Chauhan, C.C.: Tunable microwave absorption in CoAl substituted M-type BaSr hexagonal ferrite. Mater. Des. 110, 749–761 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wang, H., Hai, Y., Yao, B., Xu, Y., Shan, L., Xu, L., Tang, J., Wang, Q.: Tailoring structure and magnetic characteristics of strontium hexaferrite via Al doping engineering. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 422, 204–208 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Katlakunta, S., Meena, S.S., Srinath, S., Bououdina, M., Sandhya, R., Praveena, K.: Improved magnetic properties of Cr3+ doped SrFe12O19 synthesized via microwave hydrothermal route. Mater. Res. Bull. 63, 58–66 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ghzaiel, T.B., Dhaoui, W., Schoenstein, F., Talbot, P., Mazaleyrat, F.: Substitution effect of Me= Al, Bi, Cr and Mn to the microwave properties of polyaniline/BaMeFe11O19 for absorbing electromagnetic waves. J. Alloys Compd. 692, 774–786 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mortazavinik, S., Yousefi, M.: Preparation, magnetic properties and microwave absorption of Zr–Zn–Co substituted strontium hexaferrite and its nanocomposite with polyaniline. Russ. J. Appl. Chem. 90(2), 298–303 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Neupane, D., Wang, L., Adhikari, H., Alam, J., Mishra, S.: Synthesis and characterization of co-doped SrFe12− x (DyAl) xO19 hexaferrite. J. Alloys Compd. 701, 138–146 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ghezelbash, S., Yousefi, M., Hossainisadr, M., Baghshahi, S.: Structural and magnetic properties of Sn 4+ doped strontium hexaferrites prepared via sol–gel auto-combustion method. IEEE Trans. Magn. 54(9), 1–6 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Singh, J., Singh, C., Kaur, D., Zaki, H., Abdel-Latif, I., Narang, S.B., Jotania, R., Mishra, S.R., Joshi, R., Dhruv, P.: Elucidation of phase evolution, microstructural, Mössbauer and magnetic properties of Co2+ Al3+ doped M-type BaSr hexaferrites synthesized by a ceramic method. J. Alloys Compd. 695, 1112–1121 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Meaz, T., Koch, C.B.: An investigation of trivalent substituted M-type hexagonal ferrite using X-ray and Moössbauer spectroscopy. In: ICAME 2005, pp. 455–463. Springer, Berlin (2006)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Goswami, P.P., Choudhury, H.A., Chakma, S., Moholkar, V.S.: Sonochemical synthesis and characterization of manganese ferrite nanoparticles. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 52(50), 17848–17855 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Iqbal, M.J., Ashiq, M.N. et al.: Physical, electrical and dielectric properties of Ca-substituted strontium hexaferrite (SrFe12O19) nanoparticles synthesized by co-precipitation method. J. Magn. Magn. Mater 322(13), 1720–1726 (2010)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Baykal, A., Sözeri, H., et al.: Synthesis and Structural and Magnetic Characterization of BaZn x Fe 12- x O 19 Hexaferrite: Hyperfine Interactions. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn 30(6), 1585–1592 (2017)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Baykal, A., Güngüneş, H., Sözeri, H., Amir, M., Auwal, I., Asiri, S., Shirsath, S., Korkmaz, A.D.: Magnetic properties and Mössbauer spectroscopy of Cu-Mn substituted BaFe12O19 hexaferrites. Ceram. Int. 43(17), 15486–15492 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Alange, R., Khirade, P.P., Birajdar, S.D., Humbe, A.V., Jadhav, K.: Structural, magnetic and dielectrical properties of Al–Cr Co-substituted M-type barium hexaferrite nanoparticles. J. Mol. Struct. 1106, 460–467 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Das, J., Moholkar, V.S., Chakma, S.: Structural, magnetic and optical properties of sonochemically synthesized Zr-ferrite nanoparticles. Powder Technol. 328, 1–6 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Alimoradi
    • 1
  • M. Yousefi
    • 2
  • B. Sadeghi
    • 3
  • M. M. Amini
    • 4
  • A. Abbasi
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH) Shahre Rey BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, Tonekabon BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTonekabonIran
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryShahid Beheshti UniversityTehranIran
  5. 5.School of ChemistryUniversity College of Science, University of TehranTehranIran

Personalised recommendations