Advertisement

Structural, Optical, and Dielectric Studies on Sr-Doped Biferroic YCrO3

  • S. Tiwari
  • M. SaleemEmail author
  • A. Mishra
  • D. Varshney
Original Paper
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

In this work, the solid-state synthesis of Y1-xSrxCrO3 (x = 0.0, 0.1) samples has been reported. The X-ray diffraction data analysis confirmed that the synthesized samples have crystallized into the orthorhombic phase with the assigned space group Pbnm. The Rietveld refinement of the XRD data confirmed the structure and other related parameters. The slight variation in the lattice parameters and negligible shift in the reflection peaks reveals the uniform dispersion of Sr at Y-site in the parent YCrO3 matrix. The dielectric characterization revealed the good dielectric nature of the prepared samples which decreases with Sr doping. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) revealed that an agglomeration type process has taken place in the sample preparation. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) characterization witnessed the formation of orthorhombic phase of the samples under study displaying sharp absorption bands corresponding to Cr–O stretching, Y/Sr–O stretching, and O–Cr–O deformation vibration, respectively. UV-Vis spectroscopy analysis revealed the dual direct allowed bandgap of the samples assigned to the Cr3+ ion transition in the ground level.

Keywords

Nanoparticles Structure Rietveld refinement Morphology Dielectric properties 

Notes

Acknowledgements

UGC-DAE CSR, as an institute, is acknowledged for extending its facilities. Authors acknowledge fruitful discussion with Dr. V. Ganesan, Dr. D. M. Phase, Dr. M. Gupta, and Dr. R. Venkatesh, of UGC-DAE CSR, Indore. Thanks to Prof. Dr. Pratibha Sharma, School of Chemical Science, Indore, for availing the FTIR (Fourier transform infrared radiation) facility. Late Prof. Dr. D. Varshney is acknowledged gratefully for his guidance and energy generation to carryout this work.

References

  1. 1.
    Manikanadan, A., Vijaya, J.J., Kennedy, L.J.: Physica E. 49, 117 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Manikandan, A., Vijaya, J.J., Kennedy, L.J.: J Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 13, 2986 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Abraham, G.A., Manikandan, A., Manikandan, E., Jaganathan, S.K., Baykal, A., Renganathan, P.S.: J Nanoelectron. Optoelectron. 12, 1326 (2017)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Velanganni, S., Manikandan, Prince, J.J., Mohan, C.N., Thiruneelakanda, R.: Physica B: Physics of Condensed Matter. (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2018.07.005
  5. 5.
    Josephine, B.A., Manikandan, A., Teresita, V.M., Antony, A.S.: Korean J Chem Eng. 33, 1590 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Manikandan, A., Saravanan, A., Antony, S.A., Bououdina, M.: J Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 15, 4358 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Abraham, A.G., Manikandan, A., Manikandan, E., Vadivel, S., Jaganathan, S.K., Baykal, A., Renganathan, P.S.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 452, 380 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Padmapriya, G., Manikandan, A., Krishnasamy, V., Jaganathan, S.K., Antony, S.A.: J. Supercond Nov. Magn. 29, 2141 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Subramanian, A.P., Jaganathan, S.K., Manikandan, A., Pandiaraj, K.N., Gomathi, N., Supriyanto, E.: RSC Adv. 6, 48294 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bomila, R., Srinivasan, S., Gunasekaran, S., Manikandan, A.: J. Supercond Nov. Magn. 31, 855 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hill, N.A., Filippetti, A.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 976, 242 (2002)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kimura, T., Goto, T., Shintani, H., Ishizaka, K., Arima, T., Tokura, Y.: Nature London. 426, 55 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ravichandran, A.T., Srinivas, J., Karthick, R., Manikandan, A., Baykal, A.: Ceram. Int. 44, 13247 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rajmohan, S., Jeseentharani, V., Manikandan, A., Pragasam, J.: Nanosci Nanotechnol Lett. 8, 393 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rajmohan, S., Manikandan, A., Jeseentharani, V., Antony, A.S., Pragasam, J.: J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 16, 1650 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Santos, A.M.D., Cheetham, A.K., Atou, T., Syono, Y., Yamaguchi, Y., Ohoyama, K., Chiba, H., Rao, C.N.R.: Phys. Rev. B. 66, 064425 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fiebig, M., Lottermoser, T., Lonkai, T., Goltsev, A.V., Pisarev, R.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 883, 290 (2005)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rao, G.V.S., Chandrashekar, G.V., Rao, C.N.R.: Solid State Commun. 6, 177 (1968)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kimura, T., Kawamoto, S., Yamada, I., Azuma, M., Takano, M., Tokura, Y.: Phys. Rev. B. 67, 180401 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sosnowska, I., Peterlin-Neumaier, T., Steichele, E.: J. Phys. C. 15, 4835 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Yoshii, K., Nakamura, A.J.: Solid State Chem. 155, 447 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bhadram, V.S., Rajeswaran, B., Sundaresan, A., Narayana, C.: Eur Phys. Lett. 101, 17008 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Gupta, P., Bhargava, R., Poddar, P.: J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys. 48, 025004 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhao, H.J., Íñiguez, J., Chen, X.M., Bellaiche, L.: Phys. Rev. B. 93, 044117 (2016)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sonia, M.M.L., Anand, S., Maria, V., Janifer, M.A., Pauline, S., Manikandan, A.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 466, 238 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Elayakumar, K., Dinesh, A., Manikandan, A., Palanivelu, M., Kavitha, G., Prakash, S., Kumar, R.T., Jaganathan, S.K., Baykal, A.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2018.09.089
  27. 27.
    Taheri, M., Kremer, R.K., Trudel, S., Razavi, F.S.: J. Appl. Phys. 118, 124306 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Su, Y., Zhang, J., Feng, Z., Li, L., Li, B., Zhou, Y., Chen, Z., Cao, S.: J. Appl. Phys. 108, 013905 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Hanamura, E., Tanabe, Y.: Recent Res. Dev. Phys. 4, 191 (2003)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Durán, A., Arévalo-López, A.M., Castillo-Martínez, E., García-Guaderrama, M., Moran, E., Cruz, M.P., Fernández, F., Alario-Franco, M.A.J.: Solid. State Chem. 183, 1863 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Serrao, C.R., Kundu, A.K., Krupanidhi, S.B., Waghmare, U.V., Rao, C.N.R.: Phys. Rev. B. 72, 220101 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Cheng, Z.X., Wang, X.L., Dou, S.X., Kimura, H., Ozawa, K.: J. Appl. Phys. 107, 09D905 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Cohen, R.E.: Nature (London). 358, 136 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Slimani, Y., Hannachi, E., Hamrita, A., Ben, M.K., Salem, Azzouz, F.B., Manikandan, A., Salem, M.B.: Ceram. Int. 44, 19950 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Slimania, Y., Almessiere, M.A., Hannachi, E., Baykal, A., Manikandan, A., Mumtaz, M., Azzouz, F.B.: Ceram. Int. (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2018.10.201
  36. 36.
    Wang, S., Lin, B., Dong, Y., Fang, D., Ding, H., Liu, X., Meng, G.: J. Power Sources. 188, 483 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Sharma, Y., Sahoo, S., Perez, W., Mukherjee, S., Gupta, R., Garg, A., Chatterjee, R., Katiyar, R.S.: J. Appl. Phys. 115, 183907 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Kumara, S., Coondoob, I., Raoc, A., Lud, B.H., Kuod, Y.K., Kholkinb, A.L., Panwara, N.: Physica B. 510, 104 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Rodriguez, J.-C.: Physica B. 192, 55 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Saleem, M., Varshney, D.: RSC Adv. 8, 1600 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Sinham, R., Basua, S., Meikapa, A.K.: Mater Res Bull. 97, 578 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Sinhab, R., Basua, S., Meikapa, A.K.: Physica E. 69, 47 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Bharti, C., Dutta, A., Shannigrahi, S., Choudhary, S.N., Thapa, R.K., Sinha, T.P.: J Electron Spectrosc. 169, 80 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Wagner, K.W.: Ann. Phys. 40, 817 (1913)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Koops, C.G.: Phys. Rev. 83, 121 (1951)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Saleem, M., Mishra, A. and Varshney, D. J. Supercond Nov. Magn. 31, 943 (2018)Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Kumari, K., Prasad, A., Prasad, K.: Am. J. Mater. Sci. 6, 1 (2016)Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Ahmad, T., Lone, I.H.: New J. Chem. 40, 3216 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Bergman, R.: J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1356 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Psarras, G.C., Manolakaki, E., Tsangaris, G.M.: Composites A. 34, 1187 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Singh, R., Arora, V., Tandon, R.P., Mansingh, A., Chandra, S.: Synth. Met. 104, 137 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Tauc, J.: Plenum Press, New York (1974)Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Pavlov, R.S., Marza, V.B., Carda, J.B.: J. Mater. Chem. 12, 2825 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Hema, E., Manikandan, A., Karthika, P., Durka, M., Antony, S.A., Venkatraman, B.R.: J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 16, 7325 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Suguna, S., Shankar, S., Jaganathan, S.K., Manikandan, A.: J. Supercond Nov. Magn. 30, 691 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Hema, E., Manikandan, A., Gayathri, M., Durka, M., Antony, S.A., Venkatraman, B.R.: J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 16, 5929 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Lynda, I.J.C., Durka, M., Dinesh, A., Manikandan, A., Jaganathan, S.K., Baykal, A., Antony, S.A.: J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 31, 3637 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Ravichandran, A.T., Srinivas, J., Manikandan, A.,·Baykal, A. J. Supercond Nov. Magn.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10948-018-4842-1 (2018)
  59. 59.
    Saleem, M., Varshney, D.: J. Alloys Compd. 708, 397 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Hamberg, I., Granqvist, C.G.: J. Appl. Phys. 60, 123 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Farzaneh, F., Najafi, M.J.: Sci. Islam. Repub. Iran. 22, 329 (2011)Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Patil, D.S., Venkatramani, N., Rohatgi, V.K.: J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 7, 413 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Materials Science Laboratory, School of Physics, Vigyan BhawanDevi Ahilya UniversityIndoreIndia

Personalised recommendations