Effect of Synthesis Temperature on Structural, Optical, and Magnetic Properties of ZnO Nanoparticles Synthesized by Combustion Method
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ZnO nanoparticles at different temperatures were synthesized by using the combustion method. The effect of synthesis temperature on the properties of the nanoparticles was studied by using XRD, FESEM, EDS, TEM, photoluminescence (PL), Raman, diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS), and VSM characterization techniques. The XRD results reveal that the grown nanoparticles have a hexagonal wurtzite structure without any impurities and agreed with EDS results. FESEM and TEM micrographs show that the ZnO nanoparticles possess a spherical shape with agglomeration free, and the size increases with increase of synthesis temperature. From DRS studies, it was noticed that the band gap decreases with increase of synthesis temperature. In PL studies, blue peak at 465 nm may be due to defect-related transitions. A sharp intense peak in Raman spectra at 485 cm−1 represents E2H mode is a characteristic of a hexagonal wurtzite structure. The magnetic studies show that the magnetization decreases from 0.0172 to 0.0042 emu/g as the synthesis temperature increases from 400 to 550 °C. ZnO synthesized at 500 °C has a large squareness ratio. These materials are potential candidates for memory devices.
KeywordsZnO nanoparticles Combustion method Ferromagnetism Spintronics
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