Advertisement

Investigation of Fe/Mo Ordering and Magnetic Properties of Ca2FexMo2−xO6 (x = 0.9, 1.0, 1.1 and 1.2) Double Perovskites Prepared by Sonochemical Method

  • S. VaraprasadEmail author
  • K. ThyagarajanEmail author
  • Y. Markandeya
  • K. Suresh
  • G. Bhikshamaiah
Original Paper

Abstract

Characterization, Fe/Mo ordering and magnetic properties of Ca2FexMo2−xO6 (x = 0.9, 1.0, 1.1 and 1.2) (CFMO) double perovskite have been studied. Sonochemical methodology is adopted to synthesize Ca2FexMo2−xO6 double perovskite at low temperature (950 C) under Ar/H2 atmosphere. Single-phase monoclinic structure by space group P21/n, lattice parameters (a, b and c) and unit cell volume (V ) have been confirmed from X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns. Average grain sizes of 145 nm with a variation of porosity were observed from scanning electron microscopy (SEM) pictures. Elemental analysis using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) confirmed the presence of elements Ca, Fe, Mo and O with no trace of foreign elements, and the compound is found to be pure. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) data confirmed perovskite formation by identifying three characteristic absorption bands in the wave number range 400–1000 cm− 1 for Mo-O and Fe-O vibrations. Magnetic properties like Ms, Mr and Hc were studied for CFMO series using vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Saturation magnetization is found to vary with Fe composition (x).

Keywords

Double perovskite Sonochemical Characterization Magnetic properties 

Notes

Acknowledgments

One of the authors (SVP) wishes to thank the Principal and HOD of the Department of Physics of JNTUACEP for providing the lab facility for synthesis; expresses his gratitude to Prof. G. Bhikshamaiah, Department of Physics, Osmania University, for providing the gas treatment facility; and thank Shri. M. Shiva Kumar (IITK) and Dr. K. Nageswara Rao (Director P&R, DRDL) for their technical inputs and unconditional support as well as Ln. K. Krishna Reddy (Chairman, KGRCET) for the encouragement.

References

  1. 1.
    Ramirez, A.P.: J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 8171 (1997)ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rao, C.N.R., Raveau, B.: Colossal Magnetoresistance and Other Related Properties In 3d Oxides. World Scientific, Singapore (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Retuerto, M., Martinex-Lope, M.J., Garcia-Hernandez, M., Alonso, J.A.: J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21, 186003 (2009)ADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Moritomo, Y., Xu, S., Machida, A., Akimoto, T., Nishibori, E., Takata, M., Sakata, M.: Phys. Rev. B 61, R7827 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yang, C.W., Fang, T.T.: J. Electrochem. Soc. 159, 35 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kobayashi, K.I., Kimura, T., Sawada, H., Terakura, K., Tokura, Y.: Nature 395, 677 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Garcia-Landa, B., Ritter, C., Ibarra, M.R., Blasco, J., Algarabel, P.A., Mahendiran, R., Garcia, J.: Solid State Commun. 110, 435 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Maignan, A., Raveau, B., Martin, C., Hervieu, M.J.: Solid State Chem. 144, 224 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kobayashi, K.I., Kimura, T., Tommioka, Y., Sawada, H., Terakura, K., Tokura, Y.: Phys. Rev. B 59, 1159 (1999)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kim, T.H., Uehara, M., Cheong, S.W., Lee, S.: Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1737 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Aldica, G., Plapcianu, C., Badica, P., Valsangiacom, C., Stoica, L.: J. Magn. Magn. Mat. 311, 665 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Valsangiacom, C., Plapcianu, C., Stoica, L., Aldica, G., Kumcser, V.: J. Opto. Avd. Mat. 10, 845 (2008)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Alonso, J.L., Fernandez, L.A., Guinea, F., Lesmes, F., Martin-Mayor, V.: Phys. Rev. B 67, 214423 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Liu, G.Y., Rao, G.H., Feng, X.M., Yang, H.F., Ouyang, Z.W., Liu, W.F., Liang, J.K.: J. Alloy Compd. 353, 42–47 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liu, G.Y., Rao, G.H., Feng, X.M., Ouyang, Z.W., Liu, W.F., Liang, J.K.: Phys. B 334, 229–233 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Markandeya, Y., Suresh, K., Bhikshamaiah, G.: J. Alloys Compd. 509, 9598–9603 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Liang, P., Jiang, J.-J., Ma, X.-G., Tian, B.: Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 17, 109 (2007)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Liu, X.-J., Huang, Q.-J., Niu, D.-L., Sheng, X. U., Zhang, S.-Y.: Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 2281 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Goko, T., Endo, Y., Morimoto, E., Arai, J., Matsumoto, T.: Physica B 329–333, 837–839 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sarma, D.D., Sampath Kumaran, E.V., Ray, S., Nagarajan, R., Majumbar, S., Kumar, A., Nalini, G., Guru Row, T.N.: S S Com. 114, 465 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Borges, R.P., Thomas, R.M., Cullinan, C., Coey, J.M.D., Suryanarayanan, R., BenDor, L., Pinsard-Gaudart, L., Revcoleschi, A.: J Phys. Conden. Mat. 11, L445 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Perry, A.S., Mcintyre, N.S.: J. Phys. Chem. 97, 11020Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ritter, C., Ibarra, M.R., Morellon, L., Blaso, J., Garcia, J., de Teresa, J.M.: J Phys. Conden. Mat. 12, 8295 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Moghtada, R.A.: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13504177. Ultrason. Sonochem. 41, 127 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Charoonsuk, T., Vittayakorn, W., Vittayakorn, N., Seeharaj, P., Maensiri, S.: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02728842. Ceram. Int. 41, 87 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Moghtada, A., Ashiri, R.: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13504177. Ultrason. Sonochem. 33, 141 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Dutta, D.P., Tyagi, A.K.: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0167577X. Mater. Lett. 164, 368 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Moghtada, A., Shahrouzianfar, A., Ashiri, R.: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09218831. Adv. Powder Technol. 28, 1109 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Utara, S., Hunpratub, S.: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13504177. Ultrason. Sonochem. 41, 441 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Maignan, A., Raveau, B., Martin, C., Hervieu, M.: J. Solid State Chem. 144, 224 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Moreno, N.O., Barbosa, L.B., Reyes Ardila, D., Andreeta, J.P.: J Supercond. Nov. Magn. 12, 1723 (2012)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Nogues, D.J., Munoz, J.S., Fontcuberta, J.: Mater. Sci. Eng. B 126, 279–282 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Rubi, D., Frontera, C., Roig, A., Nogues, J., Munoz, J.S., Fontcuberta, J.: J Phys. Conden. Mat. 17, 8037 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Dai, J.M., Song, W.H., Wang, S.G., Ye, S.L., Wang, K.Y., Du, J.J., Sun, Y.P., Fang, J., Chen, J.L., Gao, B.J.: J Math. Sci. Eng. B 83, 217 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Xi, L., Qiao, W., Yan, S., Peng, C., Shi, X., Ge, S., Du, J., Ge, J.: J Math. Sci. Eng. B 170, 71 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kim, J.H., Ahn, G.Y., Park, S.-I., Kim, C.S.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 282, 295–298 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Feng, X.M., Rao, G.H., Liu, G.Y., Yang, H.F., Liu, W.F., Ouyang, Z.W., Liang, J.K.: Phys. B 344, 21–26 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Vegard, L.: Die Konstitution der Mischkristalle und die raumfüllung der Atome. Zeitschrift für Physik 5, 17–26 (1921)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Mostafa, M.F., Ata-Allah, S.S., Youssef, A.A.A., Refai, H.S.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 320, 344 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Lavat, A.E., Baran, E.J.: Vib Spectrosc. 32(2), 167 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Zhang, Q., Rao, G.H., Dong, H.Z., Xiao, Y.G., Feng, X.M., Liu, G.Y., Zhang, Y., Liang, J.K.: Physica B 370, 228–235 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Markandeya, Y., Saritha, D., Vithal, M., Singh, A.K., Bhikshamaiah, G.: J. Alloys Compd. 509, 5195–5199 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Ogale, A.S., Ogale, S.B., Ramesh, R., Venkatesan, T.: Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 537 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsJNTUAAnantapurIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsJNTUACEPPulivendulaIndia
  3. 3.Department of Physics, Nizam CollegeOsmania UniversityHyderabadIndia
  4. 4.International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI)HyderabadIndia
  5. 5.Department of PhysicsOsmania UniversityHyderabadIndia

Personalised recommendations