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Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 31, Issue 10, pp 3347–3356 | Cite as

Effect of Annealing Temperature on Magnetic and Mössbauer Properties of ZnFe2O4 Nanoparticles by Sol-gel Approach

  • Md. Amir
  • H. Gungunes
  • A. Baykal
  • M. A. Almessiere
  • H. Sözeri
  • I. Ercan
  • M. Sertkol
  • S. Asiri
  • A. Manikandan
Original Paper

Abstract

In this study, spinel ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by citrate sol-gel route using nickel nitrates, ferric nitrates and citric acid by annealing at 900, 1000, and 1100C. We reported the structural and magnetic properties (including Mössbauer analysis) for anisotropy ZnFe2O4 NPs annealed at different temperatures. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) were utilized to analyze the structural properties of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). Morphological features of resultant MNPs were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The observed XRD results displayed that the crystallite size increased from 38.60 to 49.28 nm with increasing the annealing temperature in a distinct linear trend. The enhancement of saturation magnetization of the uniaxial ZnFe2O4 NPs was studied and varied from 1.28 to 1.66 emu/g as the annealing temperature increases. The Mössbauer spectra results show that ZnFe2O4 ferrites were paramagnetic in nature at room temperature (RT).

Keywords

ZnFe2O4 Spinel ferrite Annealing temperature Magnetic properties Hyperfine interactions 

Notes

Funding Information

Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR) and Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC) of Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University is highly acknowledged for providing financial assistance for this study (application number (auto): 2017-605-IRMC).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Md. Amir
    • 1
    • 2
  • H. Gungunes
    • 3
  • A. Baykal
    • 4
  • M. A. Almessiere
    • 5
  • H. Sözeri
    • 6
  • I. Ercan
    • 7
  • M. Sertkol
    • 8
  • S. Asiri
    • 4
  • A. Manikandan
    • 9
  1. 1.Department of Biochemical Engineering and BiotechnologyIndian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Instrument Design and Development Centre (IDDC)Indian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsHitit UniversityÇorumTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Nano-Medicine Research, Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC)Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  5. 5.Department of Physics, College of ScienceImam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  6. 6.TUBITAK-UME-National Metrology InstituteGebzeTurkey
  7. 7.Department of Biophysics, Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC)Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  8. 8.Deanship of Preparatory YearImam Abdulrahman BinFaisalUniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  9. 9.Department of Chemistry, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research (BIHER)Bharath UniversityChennaiIndia

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