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Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 31, Issue 10, pp 3315–3322 | Cite as

Synthesis and Characterization of NiFe2O4 Nanoparticles for the Enhancement of Direct Sunlight Photocatalytic Degradation of Methyl Orange

  • Hirthna
  • S. Sendhilnathan
  • P. Iyyappa Rajan
  • T. Adinaveen
Original Paper
  • 67 Downloads

Abstract

The current investigation shows the simple and direct sunlight-mediated photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange dye by quasi globular NiFe2O4 nanocrystals synthesized from the high-temperature chemical co-precipitation method. The experiment was carried out under direct sunlight which shows significant degradation results lead to the practical possibility of heterogeneous photocatalysis towards environmental remediation. The as-synthesized quasi globular NiFe2O4 nanocrystals also were characterized by well-known analytical measurements of their structural, morphological, bonding, surface area, band gap and magnetic properties prior to the photocatalytic experiments. The presence of active free radicals formed during the photocatalytic reaction was confirmed from the EPR signals recorded for the solution containing the photocatalyst and dye solution, and accordingly, the photocatalytic degradation mechanism was discussed.

Keywords

Quasi globular NiFe2O4 Sunlight-mediated synthesis Photocatalytic degradation EPR free radical signals 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Dr. S. Sendhilnathan gratefully acknowledges the DST (Ref. no. SERC no. 100/IFD/7194/2010-11 dated December 10, 2010) for the financial assistance received through the project.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hirthna
    • 1
  • S. Sendhilnathan
    • 2
  • P. Iyyappa Rajan
    • 3
    • 4
  • T. Adinaveen
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity College of Engineering - KanchipuramKanchipuramIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity College of Engineering - PattukottaiTamil NaduIndia
  3. 3.Chemistry Division, School of Advanced SciencesVellore Institute of Technology (VIT) UniversityChennaiIndia
  4. 4.Indo-Korea Science and Technology CenterBengaluruIndia
  5. 5.Department of ChemistryMadras Christian CollegeChennaiIndia

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