Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 31, Issue 10, pp 3307–3314 | Cite as

Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide (CTAB) Surfactant-Assisted Synthesis of BiFeO3 Nanoparticles by Sol-Gel Auto-Combustion Method

  • P. Ahmadi
  • S. AlamolhodaEmail author
  • S. M. Mirkazemi
Original Paper


In this research, BiFeO3 nanoparticles were synthesized by sol-gel auto-combustion method with and without the addition of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactant. The effect of different amounts of CTAB addition (0, 1.5, 3, and 6 wt.%) on phase constituents, microstructure, and magnetic properties of the synthesized samples were evaluated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), and vibration sample magnetometer (VSM). Also, BiFeO3 nanoparticles were used for the degradation of methylene blue (MB) as a typical dye pollutant under UV irradiation. XRD results showed the formation of BiFeO3 mainly with some minute impurity phases such as Bi2O3 and γ-Fe2O3. Proper amounts of CTAB addition (1.5 wt.%) considerably eliminates Bi2O3 and γ-Fe2O3 residuals in the combustion product. FESEM micrographs show particle size reduction and also more uniform particle size distribution when using 0.75 wt.% of CTAB addition. In the presence of the BiFeO3, the UV irradiation for 120 min resulted in 26% degradation of MB, in a sample with 0.75 wt.% CTAB. The synthesized nanoparticles of BiFeO3 in the sample with 0.75 wt.% CTAB after calcination at 650 C showed a weak ferromagnetism behavior with saturation magnetization of 0.54 emu/g. iHC values of the samples are in the range of 200 to 238 Oe, depending on the crystallite size and phase constituents of the samples.


BiFeO3 CTAB surfactant Sol-gel auto-combustion Microstructure Magnetic properties 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Metallurgy and Materials EngineeringIran University of Science and Technology (IUST)TehranIran

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