Advertisement

Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 31, Issue 10, pp 3147–3152 | Cite as

Control of Both Superconducting Critical Temperature and Critical Current by Means of Electric-Field-Induced Reconfigurable Strain

  • M. Zeibekis
  • S. J. Zhang
  • M. Pissas
  • D. Stamopoulos
Original Paper
  • 97 Downloads

Abstract

The controlled modification of superconductivity by any means is a long-standing issue in low-temperature physics. In this work, we present data on the control of the superconducting properties of conventional low critical-temperature (TC) Nb thin films with thickness (dNb) = 15 and 20 nm under application of reconfigurable strain, S induced by an external electric field, and Eex to a piezoelectric (PE) single crystal, namely (1 − x)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3x PbTiO3 (PMN-PT) with x = 0.30–0.31. The experimental results (reduction of TC and critical current (JC) on the order of 6% and 90–100%, respectively) are nicely reproduced with a phenomenological model that incorporates the constitutive relation S(Eex) that describes the electro-mechanical response of the PE crystal to well-established formulas that describe TC and JC of the SC thin films.

Keywords

Superconducting/piezoelectric hybrid nanostructures Superconducting Nb thin films Piezoelectric crystal PMN-PT Superconductivity controlled by strain 

Notes

Funding Information

One of the authors (M.Z.) acknowledges the A.G. Leventis Foundation for support through a scholarship.

References

  1. 1.
    De Gennes, P.G.: Phys. Lett. 23, 10 (1966)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Deutscher, G., Meunier, F.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 395 (1969)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nemes, N.M., Visani, C., Leon, C., Garcia-Hernandez, M., Simon, F., Fehér, T., te Velthuis, S.G.E., Hoffmann, A., Santamaria, J.: Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 032501 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Li, B., Roschewsky, N., Assaf, B.A., Eich, M., Epstein-Martin, M., Heiman, D., Munzenberg, M., Moodera, J.S.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 097001 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Stamopoulos, D., Aristomenopoulou, E., Manios, E.: Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 112602 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Olsen, J.L., Bucher, E., Levy, M., Muller, J., Corenzwit, E., Geballe, T.: Rev. Mod. Phys. 36, 168 (1964)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Struzhkin, V.V., Timofeev, Y.A., Hemley, R.J., Mao, H.-K.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4262 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chen, X.J., Zhang, H., Habermeier, H.-U.: Phys. Rev. B 65, 144514 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ekin, J.W.: Cryogenics 20, 611 (1980)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Summers, L.T., Guinan, M.W., Miller, J.R., Hahn, P.A.: IEEE Trans. Mag. 27, 2041 (1991)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    van der Laan, D.C., Haugan, T.J., Barnes, P.N.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 027005 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    van der Laan, D.C., Ekin, J.W., Douglas, J.F., Clickner, C.C., Stauffer, T.C., Goodrich, L.F.: Supercond. Sci. Technol. 23, 072001 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Llordes, A., Palau, A., Gazquez, J., Coll, M., Vlad, R., Pomar, A., Arbiol, J., Guzman, R., Ye, S., Rouco, V., Sandiumenge, F., Ricart, S., Puig, T., Varela, M., Chateigner, D., Vanacken, J., Gutierrez, J., Moshchalkov, V., Deutscher, G., Magen, C., Obradors, X.: Nat. Mater. 11, 329 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Thiele, C., Dorr, K., Bilani, O., Rodel, J., Schultz, L.: Phys. Rev. B 75, 054408 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Polisetty, S., Echtenkamp, W., Jones, K., He, X., Sahoo, S., Binek, C.: Phys. Rev. B 82, 134419 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Cheng, X.Z., Wang, L.X., Dou, X.S., Osada, M., Kimura, H.: Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 092103 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Stamopoulos, D., Zeibekis, M., Zhang, S.J.: J. Appl. Phys. 114, 134309 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Stamopoulos, D., Zeibekis, M., Vertsioti, G., Zhang, S.J.: J. Appl. Phys. 116, 084304 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bardeen, J., Cooper, L.N., Schrieffer, J.R.: Phys. Rev. 108, 1175 (1957)ADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    McMillan, W.L.: Phys. Rev. 167, 331 (1968)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Allen, P.B., Dynes, R.C.: Phys. Rev. B 12, 905 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Carbotte, J.P.: Rev. Mod. Phys. 62, 1027 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Abrikosov, A.A.: Sov. Phys. JETP 5, 1174 (1957)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Anderson, P.W.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 9, 309 (1962)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kim, Y.B., Hempstead, C.F., Strnad, A.R.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 9, 306 (1962)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bean, C.P.: Rev. Mod. Phys. 36, 31 (1964)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Campbell, A.M., Evetts, J.E.: Adv. Phys. 21, 199 (1972)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zhang, S., Li, F.J.: J. Appl. Phys. 114, 031301 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Stamopoulos, D, Zhang, S.J.: J. Alloys Comput. 612, 34 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Stamopoulos, D., Aristomenopoulou, E., Sandim, M.J.R., Sandim, H.R.Z., Pissas, M.: EPJ Web of Conferences 75, 04012 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Stamopoulos, D., Speliotis, A., Niarchos, D.: Supercond. Sci. Technol. 17, 1261 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Savrasov, S.Y., Savrasov, D.Y., Andersen, O.K.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 372 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Savrasov, S.Y., Savrasov, D.Y.: Phys. Rev. B 54, 16487 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Zeibekis
    • 1
  • S. J. Zhang
    • 2
  • M. Pissas
    • 1
  • D. Stamopoulos
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Nanoscience and NanotechnologyNational Centre for Scientific Research DemokritosAthensGreece
  2. 2.Institute of Superconducting and Electronic Materials, Australian Institute of Innovative MaterialsUniversity of WollongongWollongongAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Solid State PhysicsNational and Kapodistrian University of AthensAthensGreece

Personalised recommendations