The Temperature Effect on Structural and Magnetic Properties of Zn 0 . 9 5 Fe 0 . 0 5 O Nanoparticles

  • C. BoyrazEmail author
  • B. Yesilbas
  • L. Arda
Original Paper


Zn0.95Fe0.05O solutions were prepared by sol-gel synthesis using 2,4-pentanedionate and acetate precursors which were dissolved into the solvent and chelating agent. The nanoparticles were annealed at various temperatures (400, 450, 500, 550, and 600 C) and times to reveal the temperature effect on structural and magnetic properties. The thermal behaviors of the xerogels were analyzed using differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetric analysis to determine the heat treatment temperatures. The crystal structure and particle morphology were characterized by X-ray diffraction method and scanning electron microscope measurement tools. Quantum design physical properties measurement system was used to examine the magnetic properties of synthesized nanoparticles. The temperature and applied field dependences of magnetization of nanoparticles were recorded by using a vibrating sample magnetometer. Zero-field cooling and field-cooling conditions for magnetization as a function of temperature were performed at the magnetic field of 0.5 kOe. The structure, particle size, particle morphology, and magnetic properties of nanoparticles with different doping ratio, temperature, and time of annealing process were presented.


ZnO Magnetic properties Sol-gel Nanostructures 



The authors would like to thank the Management of Scientific Research Projects (BAPKO) of Marmara University (Project No: FEN-C-YLP-030114-0011) for the support.


  1. 1.
    Tosun, M., Ataoglu, S., Arda, L., Ozturk, O., Asikuzun, E., Akcan, D., Cakiroglu, O.: Structural and mechanical properties of ZnMgO nanoparticles. Mater. Sci. Eng. A 590, 416–422 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Heiba, Z.K., Arda, L., Mohammed, M.B., Nasser, Y.M., Dogan, N.: Effect of annealing temperature on structural and magnetic properties of Zn0.94Co0.05Cu0.01O. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 26, 3487–3493 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ueda, K., Tabata, H., Kawai, T.: Magnetic and electric properties of transition- metal-doped ZnO films. Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 988–990 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rusdi, R., Abd Rahman, A., Mohamed, N., Kamarudin, N., Kamarulzaman, N.: Preparation and band gap energies of ZnO nanotubes, nanorods and spherical nanostructures. Powde Technol. 210, 18–22 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ismail, R.A., Rasheed, B.G., Salm, E.T., Al-Hadethy, M.: Transparent and conducting ZnO films prepared by reactive pulsed laser deposition. J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 18, 39– 400 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kilinc, N., Arda, L., Ozturk, S., Ozturk, Z.Z.: Structure and electrical properties of Mg-doped ZnO nanoparticles. Cryst. Res. Technol. 45, 529–538 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Goktas, A., Mutlu, I.H., Yamada, Y.: I nfluence of Fe-doping on the structural, optical, and magnetic properties of ZnO thin films prepared by sol–gel method. Superlattice Microstruct. 57, 13–149 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hung, S.T., Chang, C.J., Hsu, M.H.: Improved photocatalytic performance of ZnO nano grass decorated pore-array films by surface texture modification and silver nanoparticle deposition. J. Hazard. Mater. 198, 307–316 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Muthukumaran, S., Gopalakrishnan, R.: Structural, optical and photoluminescence studies of heavily Mn-doped ZnO nanoparticles annealed under Ar atmosphere. J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 23, 139–1401 (2012)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Asikuzun, E., Donmez, A., Arda, L., Cakiroglu, O., Ozturk, O., Akcan, D., Tosun, M., Ataoglu, S., Terzioglu, C.: Structural and mechanical properties of (Co/Mg) Co-doped nano ZnO (SCIE). Ceramic Inter. 41, 6326–6334 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Vidyasagar, C.C., Naik, Y.A., Venkatesh, T., Viswanatha, G.R.: Solid-state synthesis and effect of temperature on optical properties of Cu–ZnO, Cu–CdO and CuO nanoparticles. Powder Technol. 214, 337–343 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Heiba, Z.K., Arda, L.: XRD, XPS, optical, and Raman investigations of structural changes of nanoCo-doped ZnO. J. Mol. Struct. 1022, 167–171 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lee, H.J., Jeong, S.Y., Cho, C.R., Park, C.H.: Study of diluted magnetic semiconductor, Co-doped ZnO. Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4020–4022 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dom, R., Subasri, R., Radha, K., Borse, P.H.: Synthesis of solar active nanocrystalline ferrite, MFe 2 O 4 (M: Ca, Zn, Mg) photocatalyst by microwave irradiation. Solid State Commun. 151, 47–473 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ida, S., Yamada, K., Matsunaga, T., Hagiwara, H., Matsumoto, Y., Ishihara, T.: Preparation of p-type CaFe2 O 4 photocathodes for producing hydrogen from water. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17343–17345 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Boumaza, S., Boudjemaa, A., Bouguelia, A., Bouarab, R., Trari, M.: Visible light induced hydrogen evolution on new hetero-system ZnFe2O4/SrTiO3. Appl. Energy. 87, 223–2236 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Casbeer, E., Sharma, V.K., Li, X.Z.: Synthesis and photocatalytic activity of ferrites under visible light: a review. Sep. Purif. Technol. 87, 1–14 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Seo, S.-Y., Kwak, C.-H., Kim, S.-H., Kim, B.-H., Park, C.-I., Park, S.-H., Han, S.-W.: Local structural, magnetic, and optical properties of Zn1−xFexO thin films. J. Cryst. Growth 312, 2093–2097 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Feng, Q.J., Shen, D.Z., Zhang, J.Y., Li, B.H., Zhang, Z.Z., Lu, Y.M., Fan, X.W.: Room temperature ferromagnetic properties of ZnFeO thin films prepared by thermal oxidation of ZnFeS thin films. Mater. Chem. Phys. 112, 1106–1109 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Jaison Joseph, R.B., Tangsali, V.P., Mahadevan Pillai, R.J., Choudhary, D., Phase, M., Ganeshan, V.: Microstructure and magnetic properties of patterned nano crystalline zinc ferrite thin film fabricated by pulse laser deposition. Mater. Res. Bull. 61, 475–480 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Yasumoto, M., Sakamoto, I., Nakayama, H., Kinoshita, R., Koike, M., Shigeo, H.: Transmission electron microscopy investigation of ZnFeO/ZnO multilayered dilute magnetic semiconductor. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53, 05FB07 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hagary, M.E., Sultanb, S.: Absence of room temperature ferromagnetism in Mn-doped ZnS nanocrystalline thin film. Solid State Commun. 155, 29–33 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Heiba, Z., Arda, K.L., Mohammed, M.B.: Structural and magnetic properties of Zn0.95Cr0.05O annealed at different temperatures. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 389, 153–156 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical EngineeringMarmara UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Institute for Graduate Studies in Pure and Applied SciencesMarmara UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  3. 3.Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Department of Mechatronic EngineeringBahcesehir UniversityIstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations