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The Temperature Effect on Structural and Magnetic Properties of Zn 0 . 9 5 Fe 0 . 0 5 O Nanoparticles

  • C. BoyrazEmail author
  • B. Yesilbas
  • L. Arda
Original Paper

Abstract

Zn0.95Fe0.05O solutions were prepared by sol-gel synthesis using 2,4-pentanedionate and acetate precursors which were dissolved into the solvent and chelating agent. The nanoparticles were annealed at various temperatures (400, 450, 500, 550, and 600 C) and times to reveal the temperature effect on structural and magnetic properties. The thermal behaviors of the xerogels were analyzed using differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetric analysis to determine the heat treatment temperatures. The crystal structure and particle morphology were characterized by X-ray diffraction method and scanning electron microscope measurement tools. Quantum design physical properties measurement system was used to examine the magnetic properties of synthesized nanoparticles. The temperature and applied field dependences of magnetization of nanoparticles were recorded by using a vibrating sample magnetometer. Zero-field cooling and field-cooling conditions for magnetization as a function of temperature were performed at the magnetic field of 0.5 kOe. The structure, particle size, particle morphology, and magnetic properties of nanoparticles with different doping ratio, temperature, and time of annealing process were presented.

Keywords

ZnO Magnetic properties Sol-gel Nanostructures 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the Management of Scientific Research Projects (BAPKO) of Marmara University (Project No: FEN-C-YLP-030114-0011) for the support.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical EngineeringMarmara UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Institute for Graduate Studies in Pure and Applied SciencesMarmara UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  3. 3.Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Department of Mechatronic EngineeringBahcesehir UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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