Interface Superconductivity in Cuprates Defies Fermi-Liquid Description

  • Zoran Radović
  • Mihajlo Vanević
  • Jie Wu
  • Anthony T. Bollinger
  • Ivan Božović
Original Paper


La2−x Sr x CuO4/La2CuO4 bilayers show interface superconductivity that originates from accumulation and depletion of mobile charge carriers across the interface. Surprisingly, the doping level can be varied broadly (within the interval 0.15<x<0.47) without affecting the transition temperature, which stays essentially constant and equal to that in optimally doped material, T c ≈ 40 K. We argue that this finding implies that doping up to the optimum level does not shift the chemical potential, unlike in ordinary Fermi liquids. We discuss possible physical scenarios that can give doping-independent chemical potential in the pseudogap regime: electronic phase separation, formation of charge density waves, strong Coulomb interactions, or self-trapping of mobile charge carriers.


High-temperature superconductors Interface superconductivity Chemical potential Fermi liquid 



The experimental work was done by J.W., A.T.B. and I.B. at BNL and was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division. I.B. was supported in part by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation’s EPiQS Initiative through Grant GBMF4410. Z.R. and M.V. were supported by the Serbian Ministry of Science, Project No. 171027.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zoran Radović
    • 1
  • Mihajlo Vanević
    • 1
  • Jie Wu
    • 2
  • Anthony T. Bollinger
    • 2
  • Ivan Božović
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science DivisionBrookhaven National LaboratoryUptonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Applied PhysicsYale UniversityNew HavenUSA

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