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Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 28, Issue 10, pp 3163–3172 | Cite as

Half-Metallic Ferromagnetic Property Related to Spintronic Applications in 3d (V, Cr, and Mn)-Doped GaP DMSs

  • B. Doumi
  • A. Mokaddem
  • A. Sayede
  • M. Boutaleb
  • A. Tadjer
  • F. Dahmane
Original Paper

Abstract

Using the full-potential linearized augmented plane-wave method of first-principles calculations of density functional theory, we have performed a systematic investigations on the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties related to the spintronic applications for gallium phosphide GaP doped with 3d transition metal (TM) atoms such as vanadium (V), chromium (Cr), and manganese (Mn) as ternary GaGax TM x P diluted magnetic semiconductors (DMSs) in zinc-blende phase at concentrations x = 0.0625, 0.125, and 0.25. The analysis of electronic and magnetic properties with various concentrations (x) of TM revealed that GaGax V x P at (x = 0.0625, 0.125, and 0.25) and Gax TM x P (TM = Cr and Mn) at (x = 0.0625 and 0.125) are half-metallic ferromagnets (HMF) with spin polarization of 100 %. The HMF character destroyed for GaGax Cr x P and GaGax Mn x P at higher concentration x = 0.25 of Cr and Mn. The half-metallic gap increases with decreasing in concentration of impurity, and therefore, the GaGax TM x P, GaGax Cr x P, and GaGax Mn x P DMSs at low concentrations appear to be better candidates for spintronic applications.

Keywords

Spintronics Electronic structure Half-metallic ferromagnetism Half-metallic gap (V, Cr, and Mn)-doped GaP 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Doumi
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Mokaddem
    • 3
  • A. Sayede
    • 4
  • M. Boutaleb
    • 1
  • A. Tadjer
    • 1
  • F. Dahmane
    • 5
  1. 1.Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science Laboratory, Physics DepartmentDjillali Liabes University of Sidi Bel-AbbesSidi Bel-AbbesAlgeria
  2. 2.Faculty of Sciences, Department of PhysicsDr. Tahar Moulay University of SaïdaSaïdaAlgeria
  3. 3.Faculty of Physics, Department of Materials and ComponentsU.S.T.H.B.AlgiersAlgeria
  4. 4.Unité de Catalyse et Chimie du Solide (UCCS), UMR CNRS 8181, Faculté des SciencesUniversité d’ArtoisLensFrance
  5. 5.Institut des Sciences et Technologies, Département sciences de la matière, CentreUniversitaire TissemsiltTissemsiltAlgérie

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