Magnetic Properties of Fe 3 O 4 Nanoparticles Synthesized by Coprecipitation Method
- 313 Downloads
In this paper, we elucidate several specific magnetic properties of Fe 3 O 4nanoparticles synthesized by coprecipitation method. The characterizations by X-ray diffraction technique (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed the particles to be of spinel structure and spherical shapes whose diameter could be controlled in the range from 14 to 22 nm simply by adjusting the precursor salts concentration and coprecipitation temperature. Magnetic properties of the Fe 3 O 4 nanoparticles measured by using vibration sample magnetometer (VSM) indicated the saturation magnetization and blocking temperature to increase with the particles size. Fe 3 O 4 nanoparticles with crystal size smaller than 22 nm exhibits superparamagnetic behavior at room temperatures. Characteristic magnetic parameters of the particles including saturation magnetization, effective anisotropy constant, and magnetocrystalline anisotropy constant have been determined. The observed decrease of saturation magnetization was explained on the base of core-shell model. A simple analysis indicated that the shell thickness decreases with an increase in particle size.
KeywordsMagnetic properties Magnetite nanoparticles Superparamagnetic Core-shell model
This work was supported by Vietnam National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED) under grant number 103.02-2011.31, Institutes of Materials Science and National Key Laboratory for Electronic Material and Devices, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology.