Synthesis and Study of Structural, Morphological and Magnetic Properties of ZnFe2O4 Nanoparticles

  • R. Rameshbabu
  • R. Ramesh
  • S. Kanagesan
  • A. Karthigeyan
  • S. Ponnusamy
Original Paper


Superparamagnetic zinc ferrite (ZnFe2O4) nanoparticles were prepared by a surfactant assisted hydrothermal method and subjected to the heat treatment. The structure, vibrational, morphology, and magnetic properties of synthesized product were characterized by XRD, FT-IR, HR-SEM, and VSM measurements. XRD result confirms the formation of regular spinel structured ZnFe2O4 with space group of Fd3m and an average crystalline size was calculated as 21 nm and 28 nm for the samples annealed in air atmosphere at 300 °C and 600 °C. The HR-SEM image shows that the particles are in spherical shape with small aggregation. A room temperature superparamagnetic behavior was observed for both samples. The saturation magnetization (M s) of 12.0 emu/g and 9.10 emu/g were observed for the samples annealed in air atmosphere at 300 °C and 600 °C, respectively.


Nanoparticles Zinc ferrite Hydrothermal synthesis Structural analysis Superparamagnetic property 



The authors would like to thank SRM University for the financial support and also thank the Department of Physics and Nanotechnology, Nanotechnology Research Centre (NRC), and SRM College of Pharmacy for XRD, FE-SEM, FTIR measurements. They are thankful to DST-FIST (SR/FST/PSI-155/2010) for providing the facility.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Rameshbabu
    • 1
  • R. Ramesh
    • 1
  • S. Kanagesan
    • 2
  • A. Karthigeyan
    • 1
  • S. Ponnusamy
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Materials Science and Nano Devices, Department of Physics and NanotechnologySRM UniversityKattankulathurIndia
  2. 2.Materials Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory (MSCL), Institute of Advanced Technology (ITMA)Universiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia

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