Investigation and Simulation of a Two-Channel Drop Filter with Tunable Double Optical Resonators
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In this paper, a photonic crystal (PhC) two-channel drop filter based on two 2×2 & 2×3 ring resonators is proposed. This structure is made of Germanium rods in an air background at a two-dimensional (2D) square lattice. Refractive index is chosen in a way in which that device can be easily fabricated. The photonic crystal two-channel drop filter is composed using a horizontal waveguide and two ring resonators, which are placed symmetrically about the horizontal axis. These ring resonators operate as energy coupling and capture the electromagnetic energy propagated in bus waveguide at their resonance frequencies. The filter characteristics are calculated using 2D finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) and plane wave expansion (PWE) methods. We show a two-channel drop filter with two resonators, based on studied basic structures and achieving optimal modes for channel drop filters with one resonator. We have done this through choosing the proper radii for all rods of lattice, setting radii of coupling rods, lattice constant, and studying basic structures having different refractive indexes. Finally, we show 84 % and 100 % dropping efficiencies can be achieved at D and C ports in the communication window and 100 % in direct port. The size of this device is 14.56 μm (length)×11.96 μm (width). This small size makes it possible to use the device in multiplexer applications in future communication systems and in all-optical integrated circuits.
KeywordsFinite difference time-domain Ring resonators Plane wave expansion Multiplexer All-optical integrated circuits