Advertisement

Investigations of Structural, Electronic, and Half-metallic Ferromagnetic Properties in (Al, Ga, In)1−x M x N (M = Fe, Mn) Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors

  • B. Doumi
  • A. Tadjer
  • F. Dahmane
  • D. Mesri
  • H. Aourag
Review Paper

Abstract

We investigate the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of (M = Fe, Mn)-based zinc blende diluted magnetic semiconductors (DMS) (Al, Ga, In)1−x M x N for (x=0.0625,0.125,0.25), using first-principles calculations with the full-potential linearized augmented plane waves (FP-LAPW) method within the density functional theory and local spin-density approximation. The analysis of electronic structures and magnetic properties show that (Al, Ga, In)1−x Fe x N at (x=0.0625,0.125,0.25) are magnetic insulators, and In1−x Mn x N at (x=0.0625,0.125) are metallic in nature. On the other hand the (Al, Ga)1−x Mn x N at (x=0.0625,0.125,0.25) and In0.75Mn0.25N are half-metallic ferromagnets with magnetic spin polarization of 100 %, where the ferromagnetic ground states result from a double-exchange mechanism, and these compounds are predicted to be good candidates for spintronic applications.

Keywords

Spintronics Half-metals Double-exchange mechanism (Fe, Mn) doped III–V nitrides 

References

  1. 1.
    Wolf, S.A., et al.: Science 294, 1488 (2001) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ohno, H.: Science 281, 951 (1998) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zutic, I., Fabian, J., Das Sarma, S.: Rev. Mod. Phys. 76, 323 (2004) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kaminska, M., Twardowski, A., Wasik, D.: J. Mater. Sci., Mater. Electron. 19, 828 (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Liu, C., Alves, E., Ramos, A.R., da Silva, M.F., Soares, J.C., Matsutani, T., Kiuchi, M.: Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 191, 544 (2002) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Liu, C., Yun, F., Morkoç, H.: J. Mater. Sci., Mater. Electron. 16, 555 (2005) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Furdyna, J.K.: J. Appl. Phys. 64, R29 (1988) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sato, K., Katayama-Yoshida, H.: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L485 (2001) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wu, S.Y., Liu, H.X., Gu, L., Singh, R.K., Budd, L., van Schilfgaarde, M., McCartney, M.R., Smith, D.J., Newman, N.: Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3047 (2003) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dietl, T., Ohno, H., Matsukura, F., Cibert, J., Ferrand, D.: Science 287, 1019 (2000) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Katayama-Yoshida, H., Sato, K.: Physica B 327, 337 (2003) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sato, K., Dederichs, P.H., Araki, K., Katayama-Yoshida, H.: Phys. Status Solidi C 7, 2855 (2003) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Katayama-Yoshida, H., Sato, K.: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 1447 (2003) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Cui, X.Y., Delley, B., Freeman, A.J., Stampfl, C.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 016402 (2006) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hohenberg, P., Kohn, W.: Phys. Rev. B 136, 864 (1964) MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kohn, W., Sham, L.J.: Phys. Rev. A 140, 1133 (1965) MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Blaha, P., Schwarz, K., Madsen, G.K.H., Kvasnicka, D., Luitz, J.: WIEN2k, An Augmented Plane Wave Plus Local Orbitals Program for Calculating Crystal Properties. Vienna University of Technology, Vienna (2001) Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Perdew, J.P., Wang, Y.: Phys. Rev. B 45, 13244 (1992) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Monkhorst, H.J., Pack, J.D.: Phys. Rev. B 13, 5188 (1976) MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Pack, J.D., Monkhorst, H.J.: Phys. Rev. B 16, 1748 (1977) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Muranghan, F.D.: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 30, 244 (1944) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kanoun, M.B., Merad, A.E., Cibert, J., Aourag, H.: Solid-State Electron. 48, 1601 (2004) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kanoun, M.B., Goumri-Said, S., Merad, A.E., Cibert, J.: J. Phys. D, Appl. Phys. 38, 1853 (2005) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Heyd, J., Peralta, J.E., Scuseria, G.E., Martin, R.L.: J. Chem. Phys. 123, 174101 (2005) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wang, S.Q., Ye, H.Q.: Phys. Rev. B 66, 235111 (2002) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Tütüncü, H.M., Bağci, S., Srivastava, G.P., Albudak, A.T., Uğur, G.: Phys. Rev. B 71, 195309 (2005) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Vegard, L.: Z. Phys. 5, 17 (1921) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Boukra, A., Zaoui, A., Ferhat, M.: J. Appl. Phys. 108, 123904 (2010) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Perdew, J.P., Burke, K., Ernzerhof, M.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3865 (1996) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Ohno, H., Shen, A., Matsukura, F., Oiwa, A., Endo, A., Katsumoto, S., Iye, Y.: Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 363 (1996) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Sato, K., Fukushima, T., Toyoda, M., Kizaki, H., Dinh, V.A., Fujii, H., Bergqvist, L., Dederichs, P.H., Katayama-Yoshida, H.: Physica B 404, 5237 (2009) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Sato, K., Katayama-Yoshida, H., Dederichs, P.H.: J. Supercond. 16(1), 31 (2003) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Singh, R.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 322, 290 (2010) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Mounkachi, O., Benyoussef, A., El Kenz, A., Saidi, E.H., Hlil, E.K.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 321, 2402 (2009) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Mounkachi, O., Benyoussef, A., El Kenz, A., Saidi, E.H., Hlil, E.K.: Eur. Phys. J. B 74, 463 (2010) ADSGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Akai, H.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3002 (1998) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Yao, K.L., Gao, G.Y., Liu, Z.L., Zhu, L.: Solid State Commun. 133, 301 (2005) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Gao, G.Y., Yao, K.L., Şaşıoğlu, E., Sandratskii, L.M., Liu, Z.L., Jiang, J.L.: Phys. Rev. B 75, 174442 (2007) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Sanvito, S., Ordejon, P., Hill, N.A.: Phys. Rev. B 63, 165206 (2001) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Raebiger, H., Ayuela, A., Nieminen, R.M.: J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, L457 (2004) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Doumi
    • 1
  • A. Tadjer
    • 1
  • F. Dahmane
    • 1
  • D. Mesri
    • 1
  • H. Aourag
    • 2
  1. 1.Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science Laboratory, Physics DepartmentDjillali Liabes University of Sidi Bel-AbbesSidi Bel-AbbesAlgeria
  2. 2.Laboratoire d’Etude et Prédiction des Matériaux (LEPM), Unité de Recherche Matériaux et Energies Renouvelables (URMER)Université Abou Bekr Belkaid-TlemcenTlemcenAlgeria

Personalised recommendations