Superconductivity and the Van Hove Scenario
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We give a review of the role of the Van Hove singularities in superconductivity. Van Hove singularities (VHs) are a general feature of low-dimensional systems. They appear as divergences of the electronic density of states (DOS). Jacques Friedel and Jacques Labbé were the first to propose this scenario for the A15 compounds. In NbTi, for example, Nb chains give a quasi-1D electronic structure for the d-band, leading to a VHs. They developed this model and explained the high T C and the many structural transformations occurring in these compounds. This model was later applied by Jacques Labbé and Julien Bok to the cuprates and developed by Jacqueline Bouvier and Julien Bok. The high T C superconductors cuprates are quasi-bidimensional (2D) and thus lead to the existence of Van Hove singularities in the band structure. The presence of VHs near the Fermi level in the cuprates is now well established. In this context we show that many physical properties of these materials can be explained, in particular the high critical temperature T C, the anomalous isotope effect, the superconducting gap and its anisotropy, and the marginal Fermi liquid properties, they studied these properties in the optimum and overdoped regime. These compounds present a topological transition for a critical hole doping p≈0.21 hole per CuO2 plane.
KeywordsSuperconductivity High TC Van Hove scenario Density of states
Jacqueline Bouvier personally met Professor Friedel for the first time the day of her thesis defense. He came, invited by one of my researcher friends, and he stayed during the cocktail. She adds: I was very impressed by his long and slim figure and his glittering eyes with strength emerging from him. After this first meeting, we met sometimes in his home to discuss our respective work. He was always very interested and always took into account my own words and capacities. I was very touched by his gentleman behavior regarding me. Until now, we are corresponding to exchange the ideas submitted in our papers. I want to deeply thank him for his intellectual interest in our work and express how I am admiring his lifelong work.
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