Experimental Studies to Realize Josephson Junctions and Qubits in Cuprate and Fe-based Superconductors
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Cuprate superconductors are very promising in terms of Josephson junction device because of the large energy scale of high-T c superconductivity. In particular, fabrication of qubits attracts lots of attention because of its primary importance for future computer technology. We will present some of our recent activities pointing to this purpose. (1) We succeeded in fabricating Josephson junction of cuprate without making any extra oxide barrier layer, rather putting Fe islands on the small strip of cuprate superconductors. This is very promising, since the fabrication of good Josephson junction was unsuccessful so far. Together with the introduction of the data, we discuss the possible mechanism of the weak-link fabrication in this structure. (2) We investigated the switching events in the I–V characteristics of the intrinsic Josephson junctions of Bi-cuprate superconductor, where macroscopic quantum tunneling (MQT) observation is well established recently. In addition to confirm the MQT for the first switching at 1 K in the multiple-branched current–voltage characteristics, we found that the temperature independence of the switching distribution for the second switching up to higher temperatures (10 K) is not due to the trivial Joule heating. We discuss the mechanism of the phenomena, including the possibility of MQT. (3) New Fe-based superconductors are also promising in terms of the application of superconductivity, since the anisotropy looks rather weak, in contrast to cuprates. We will introduce our trial to fabricate epitaxial thin films as the initial step to fabricate Josephson junction of this material.
KeywordsHigh-Tc cuprate Critical fluctuation Josephson junction Macroscopic quantum tunneling Fe-based superconductors
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- 8.Gomez, L., et al.: (2010) (in preparation) Google Scholar