Levitation Properties of Melt-Processed YBCO Bulk with a Linear Notch

Original Paper


In this paper, we report the levitation force properties of a melt-processed YBCO bulk with a linear notch. With the increase of the notch length, levitation force between the YBCO bulk and magnet decreases in exponential law with zero-field cooling (ZFC) condition and while its change obeys the polynomial form when the superconductor is cooled with magnetic field (FC). In addition, it is also found that the change of the area of levitation force hysteretic loop is very small in the case of FC, which means that critical current density is not obviously varied when the YBCO bulk has a linear notch. When the superconductor was cooled in zero magnetic field, the area increases sharply at first and then increases gradually; these results reveal the decrease of the critical current density of the superconducting bulk.


Levitation force YBCO bulk Linear notch 


74.72. Bk 74.81.Bd 


  1. 1.
    Hull, J.R.: Topic review: superconducting bearing. Supercond. Sci. Technol. 13, R1–R15 (2000) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ma, K.B., Postrekhin, Y.V., Chu, W.K.: Superconductor and magnet levitation devices. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74(12), 4989–5017 (2003) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hull, J.R., Murakami, M.: Applications of bulk high-temperature superconductors. Proc. IEEE 92(10), 1705–1718 (2004) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang, J.S., Wang, S.Y., Ren, Z.Y., Dong, X.G., Lin, G.B., Lian, J.S., Zhang, C.F., Huang, H.Y., Deng, C.Y., Zhu, D.Q.: A scheme of maglev using high T c bulk superconductors. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 9(2), 904–907 (1999) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang, J.S., Wang, S.Y., Zeng, Y.W., Deng, C.Y., Ren, Z.Y., Wang, X.R.: The present status of high temperature superconducting maglev vehicle in China. Supercond. Sci. Technol. 18, S215–S218 (2005) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhang, X.Y., Zhou, Y.H., Zhou, J.: Mod. Phys. Lett. B 22, 499 (2008) MATHCrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhang, X.-Y., Zhou, Y.-H., Zhou, J.: Physica C 468, 369 (2008) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chiang, C.H., Yang, C.W., Hsieh, P.L., Chan, W.C.: J. Low Temp. Phys. 131, 743 (2003) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Diko, P.: Cracking in melt-grown RE–Ba–Cu–O single-grain bulk superconductors. Supercond. Sci. Technol. 17, R45–R58 (2004) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yang, W.M., Zhou, L., Feng, Y., Zhang, P.X., Zhang, C.P., Yu, Z.M., Tang, X.D.: Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2043–2045 (2001) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Xiao, L., Ren, H.T., Jiao, Y.L., Zheng, M.H., Chen, Y.X.: Physica C 386, 262 (2003) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanics and Engineering Science, College of Civil Engineering and MechanicsLanzhou UniversityLanzhouP.R. China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Mechanics on Western Disaster and EnvironmentMinistry of EducationLanzhouP.R. China

Personalised recommendations