Advertisement

Journal of Russian Laser Research

, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp 87–93 | Cite as

Passively Q-Switched All-Fiber Yb-Doped Lasers Based on Nonlinear Multimode Interference

  • Fengyan Zhao
  • Hushan Wang
  • Ting Zhang
  • Yishan WangEmail author
  • Xiaohong Hu
  • Chuandong Sun
  • Wei Zhang
Article
  • 7 Downloads

Abstract

We report a passively Q-switched all-fiber Yb-doped laser using the structure of step-index multimode fiber and graded-index fiber (SIMF-GIMF) as a new saturable absorber (SA) based on the nonlinear multimode interference (NL-MMI). Through bending the SA to a certain state, we obtain a stable Q-switched laser operation with the shortest pulse duration of 4.37 μs and a corresponding repetition rate of 147.6 kHz with center at 1,039 nm. The maximum average output power and single pulse energy are recorded to be 2.409 mW and 16.3 nJ, respectively. To the best of our knowledge, this paper confirms experimentally for the first time Q-switched laser operation based on SIMF-GIMF SA in all-fiber lasers. In addition, we also observed unstable Q-switched mode-locking operation. All-fiber lasers based on SIMF-GIMF SA are attractive for practical applications and undergo no damage and performance degradation with time.

Keywords

all-fiber Yb-doped lasers Q-switched operation multimode fibers 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    S. V. Chernikov, Y. Zhu, J. R. Taylor, and V. P. Gapontsev, Opt. Lett., 22, 298 (1997).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, Nat. Photon., 7, 861 (2013).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, N. Moor, et al., Proc. SPIE, 8164, 3 (2011).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Chernysheva, C. B. Mou, R. Arif, et al., Sci. Rep., 6, 24220 (2016).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Li, Y. Yang, D. D. Hudson, et al., Laser Phys. Lett., 10, 045107 (2013).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. Zhang, J. Zhou, Z. Wang, et al., IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 26, 1314 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Wang, C. Chen, Q. Li, et al., Optoelectronic Devices and Integration, International Society for Optics and Photonics (2014), Vol. V, 92701E (2014).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. Jeong, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, et al., Opt. Express., 22, 22667 (2014).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    W. S. Kwon, H. Lee, J. H. Kim, et al., Opt. Express., 23, 7779 (2015).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Z. Q. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, et al., Opt. Lett., 35, 3709 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrsi, et al., Acs Nano., 4, 803 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    N. H. Park, H. Jeong, S. Y. Choi, et al., Opt. Express, 23, 19806 (2015).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. C. Xu, B. Y. Man, S. Z. Jiang, et al., App. Phys. Lett., 102, 666 (2013).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. Ahmad, N. E. Ruslan, M. A. Ismail, et al., App. Opt., 55, 1001 (2016).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, et al., Sci. Rep., 5, 7965 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    K. Wu, X. Y. Zhang, J. Wang, et al., Opt. Express, 23, 11453 (2015).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, et al., Opt. Express, 25, 2950 (2017).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Du, Q. K. Wang, G. B. Jiang, et al., Sci. Rep., 4, 6346 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    D. I. Yeom, H. Jeong, K. Oh, et al., Opt. Express, 22, 23732 (2014).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Y. Meng, G. Semaan, M. Salhi, et al., Opt. Express, 23, 23053 (2015).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, Opt. Express, 22, 13244 (2014).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, et al., Opt. Lett., 38, 5212 (2013).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. Li, H. Jussila, L. Karvonen, et al., Physics, 5, 15899 (2015).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Y. Chen, S. Chen, J. Liu, et al., Opt. Express, 24, 13316 (2016).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. Wang, Z. Zhao and Y. Kobayashi, Opt. Express, 24, 28228 (2016).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Y. H. Zhong, Z. X. Zhang, and X. Y. Tao, Laser. Phys., 20, 1756 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    L. G. Wringht, W. H. Renninger, D. N. Christodoulides, and F. W. Wise, IEEE Lasers Electro-Opt., 23, 3492 (2015).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    D. Ceoldo, K. Krupa, A. Tonello, et al., Opt. Lett., 42, 971 (2017).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    K. Krupa, A. Tonello, B. M. Shalaby, et al., Nat. Photon., 11, (2016).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    G. Lopez-Galmiche, E. Z. Sanjabi, M. A. Eftekhar, et al., Opt. Lett., 41, 2553 (2016).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    M. A. Eftekhar, L. G. Wright, M. S. Mills, et al., IEEE Lasers Electro-Opt., 25, 9078 (2016).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    L. G. Wright, S. Wabnitz, D. N. Christodoulides, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett., 115, 223902 (2015).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    K. Krupa, A. Tonello, A. Barthelemy, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 116, 183901 (2016).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    E. Nazemosadat and A. Mafi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 30, 1357 (2013).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    S. J. Fu, Q. Sheng, X. S. Zhu, et al., Opt. Express, 23, 17255 (2015).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Z. K. Wang, D. N. Wang, F. Yang, et al., J. Lightw. Technol., 1 (2017).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    H. H. Li, Z. K. Wang, C. Li, et al., Opt. Express, 25, 26546 (2017).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    U. Tegin and B. Ortac, Opt. Lett., 43, 1611 (2018).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    F. Y. Zhao, Y. S. Wang, H. S. Wang, et al., Laser. Phys., 28, 085104 (2018).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    X. W. Li, J. Q. Qian, R. W. Zhao, et al., Laser. Phys., 27, 125802 (2017).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    B. H. Chen, H. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, et al., IEEE Optoelectronics and Communications Conference, 1 (2015).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fengyan Zhao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hushan Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ting Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yishan Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xiaohong Hu
    • 1
  • Chuandong Sun
    • 1
  • Wei Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Transient Optics and Photonics, Xi’an Institute of Optics and Precision MechanicsChinese Academy of SciencesXi’anChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations