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Religion and Caregiving for Orphans and Vulnerable Children: A Qualitative Study of Caregivers Across Four Religious Traditions and Five Global Contexts

Abstract

Studies of caregivers of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) rarely examine the role religion plays in their lives. We conducted qualitative interviews of 69 caregivers in four countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Cambodia, and India (Hyderabad and Nagaland), and across four religious traditions: Christian (Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Protestant), Muslim, Buddhist, and Hindu. We asked respondents to describe the importance of religion for their becoming a caregiver, the way in which religion has helped them make sense of why children are orphans, and how religion helps them face the challenges of their occupation. Using qualitative descriptive analysis, three major themes emerged. Respondents discussed how religion provided a strong motivation for their work, reported that religious institutions were often the way in which they were introduced to caregiving as an occupation, and spoke of the ways religious practices sustain them in their work. They rarely advanced religion as an explanation for why OVC exist—only when pressed did they offer explicitly religious accounts. This study has implications for OVC care, including the importance of engaging religious institutions to support caregivers, the significance of attending to local religious context, and the vital need for research outside of Christian contexts.

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Acknowledgements

This study was funded by a Grant from Saint Louis University and the John Templeton Foundation as part of their “Happiness and Well-Being: Integrating Research Across the Disciplines” Project. We would like to thank: Augustine Wasonga, Ira Madan, Misganaw Eticha, and Mao Lang for their leadership at international child well-being NGOs; Dean Lewis, Tewodros Abera, and Lynn Akinyi for their financial oversight; the study participants for their time and insight; Blen Biru, Morgan Barlow, and Andy Elkins for project coordination and data collection, coding, and organization.

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Correspondence to David E. Eagle.

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The authors whose names are listed immediately below certify that they have NO affiliations with or involvement in any organization or entity with any financial interest (such as honoraria; educational grants; participation in speakers’ bureaus; membership, employment, consultancies, stock ownership, or other equity interest; and expert testimony or patent-licensing arrangements), or non-financial interest (such as personal or professional relationships, affiliations, knowledge or beliefs) in the subject matter or materials discussed in this manuscript.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Eagle, D.E., Kinghorn, W.A., Parnell, H. et al. Religion and Caregiving for Orphans and Vulnerable Children: A Qualitative Study of Caregivers Across Four Religious Traditions and Five Global Contexts. J Relig Health (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00955-y

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Keywords

  • Orphaned and vulnerable children
  • Caregivers
  • Religion
  • Religion and occupational well-being
  • International
  • Buddhism
  • Christianity
  • Islam
  • Hinduism