Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Post-traumatic Growth Among Muslim CPR Survivors

  • Seyed Hamid Seyed Bagheri
  • Mahlagha DehghanEmail author
  • Hadi Khoshab
Original Paper


The present study was conducted to compare post-traumatic growth (PTG) and post-traumatic stress (PTSD) in CPR survivors in Shia and Sunni. In a cross-sectional study, the results showed that the mean score of PTSD in Sunni (n = 74) was more than that of Shia (n = 89). There was no difference between Shia and Sunni in the mean score of PTG. Regarding the useful role of religion on PTG, the use of religious coping strategies in post-traumatic life-threatening situations can be helpful. It is recommended that further studies be conducted on the cultural, social, and psychological factors affecting PTG and PTSD in different societies.


Post-traumatic stress disorder Post-traumatic growth CPR survivors Religion 



We would thank the CPR Survivors for their participation in the study.

Author Contributions

The first author collected the data and contributed to manuscript drafting. The second author analyzed the data and contributed to manuscript drafting.


None to be declared.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflict of interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Non-Communicable Diseases Research CenterRafsanjan University of Medical SciencesRafsanjanIran
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery SchoolRafsanjan University of Medical SciencesRafsanjanIran
  3. 3.Nursing Research CenterKerman University of Medical SciencesKermanIran
  4. 4.Razi Faculty of Nursing and MidwiferyKerman University of Medical SciencesKermanIran
  5. 5.Nursing and Midwifery SchoolBam University of Medical SciencesBamIran

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