Effects of Hand Massage and Therapeutic Touch on Comfort and Anxiety Living in a Nursing Home in Turkey: A Randomized Controlled Trial

  • Şebnem Çınar Yücel
  • Gamze Goke ArslanEmail author
  • Hazel Bagci
Original Paper


This study was carried out to investigate the effects of hand massage and therapeutic touch on comfort and anxiety in the elderly living in nursing homes. The study was designed as a randomized controlled, experimental study (with a pre- and posttest control group). The study population comprised 255 older people aged 65–89 living in a nursing home in Izmir, a province in Turkey. The study sample included 30 older patients, who were assigned to hand massage (HM) (n = 10), therapeutic touch (TT) (n = 10) and control (C) (n = 10) groups. Of the elderly who participated in the study, 50% were female and 80% were single. It was determined that TT and HM decreased the anxiety and increased the comfort levels of the elderly living in the nursing home (p < 0.05). It is thought that nurses can easily integrate HM and TT which are non-medical, non-pharmacologic interventions with no adverse effects into care activities.


Hand massage Therapeutic touch Comfort Anxiety 



We acknowledge all the residents of the nursing home for their cooperation.


This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

No conflict of interest has been declared by the authors.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Fundamentals NursingEge University Nursing SchoolIzmirTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Fundamentals Nursing, Faculty of Health SciencesKaramanoglu Mehmetbey UniversityKaramanTurkey

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