Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 58, Issue 2, pp 490–505 | Cite as

Religion Affiliation and Depression Risk: Factory Workers Working in Hi-Tech Companies in Shanghai, China

  • Liwen Hou
  • Patrick Leung
  • Monit CheungEmail author
  • Yongxiang Xu
Original Paper


This study examines factors contributing to depression among migrant factory workers in Shanghai. A survey was designed with mental health questions under a framework explaining: (1) social capital, (2) migratory stress, and (3) mental health consequences. With a return rate of 98.3%, 1966 individuals completed the survey. Only 11.1% of the respondents indicated having a religious affiliation. The findings are not surprising about the relationship between trust, economic condition, and depression. However, it is surprising to find that not having a religious affiliation is significantly connected to better mental health. The effect of religious beliefs should be examined as a trust factor to remove the barrier of perceiving religion as an added stressor.


Religious support Depressive symptoms Chinese factory workers HSCL-25 Trust and conflict 


Author’s Contributions

LH contributed to the formation of conceptual framework, literature review, SPSS data input and analyses, managing the flow of the entire paper, checking of references cited, final proofread. PL contributed to statistical analyses, reading the entire paper and providing comments, writing particularly in statistical analyses. MC contributed to literature updates, statistical tables, editorial comments in the entire paper, writing particularly in the discussion, conclusion and abstract, and submission of the manuscript. YX contributed to conceptual framework and manuscript preparation.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest to submit this manuscript to this journal.

Ethics Statement

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social Work and Public AdministrationEast China University of Science & TechnologyShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Graduate College of Social WorkUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA

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