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The Role of Socio-demographics in Adoption of Religious–Spiritual and Other Coping Strategies Among Muslim Chronic Patients with Hepatitis C in Pakistan

  • Malik Muhammad Sohail
  • Saeed AhmadEmail author
  • Fauzia Maqsood
Original Paper

Abstract

Coping has emerged as a vital indicator among patients in the chronic conditions. The current study examined the role of demographic characteristics (such as age, education, gender, marital status, residential background, family type and number of children) in adoption of coping (emotion-focused, problem-solving, religious–spiritual) strategies for nursing among hepatitis patients. A sample of 500 patients (of hepatitis C) was drawn from five most populous districts (Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala and Multan) of Punjab, Pakistan, by using Epi Info software with an alpha level of 0.03. The data were collected using a well-structured multi-sectional interview schedule through multistage proportionate sampling technique. Descriptive analysis, regression analysis and reliability analysis were computed using SPSS (version 21.0). In the overall adoption of coping strategies, lower monthly household income, lower education, rural residences, nuclear family setting and married status were contributing to the adoption of higher coping strategies among Muslim chronic patients with hepatitis C. The results of socio-demographics are also discussed with other coping strategies (such as religious–spiritual coping strategies, problem-solving coping strategies, emotion-focused coping strategies and constructive coping strategies). It was the first quantitative study of adoption of coping strategies among Muslim hepatitis patients in Pakistan. The study highlighted the importance of socio-demographic resources to cope with chronic illness. The empirical findings would start a new discussion from hepatic, counseling and nursing perspective. For terminal patients, these socio-demographic characteristics can serve as a guideline to provide community sources of social support. Medical social workers and healthcare experts need to facilitate the efforts of patients to cope with chronic illness through revision of nursing policy according to the socio-demographic and spiritual–religious needs of the patients.

Keywords

Socio-demographics Adoption Coping strategies Hepatitis Chronic diseases 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflicts of interest

The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship and/or publication of this article.

Ethical Approval

Researchers also ensured the quality and integrity of the research. All the participants participated in the study voluntarily. Confidentiality and anonymity of the respondents were also ensured. The research topic and study protocol were approved by the board of studies, advanced studies research board and the departmental research ethical committee (Advanced Studies Research Board (ASRB), University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan).

Informed Consent

Research participants were recruited after proper informed consent.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of SargodhaSargodhaPakistan
  2. 2.Department of SociologyUniversity of GujratGujratPakistan

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