Assessing Spiritual Well-Being in Residential Aged Care: An Exploratory Review
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With the emerging incorporation of spiritual care into the allied health stream, there is a need for a clear and validated process of spiritual review that can be understood across multidisciplinary teams. The aim and purpose of this paper was to critically review the literature regarding spiritual screening, history-taking and assessment, and explore the merits of developing a brief instrument focussed on assessing and improving the spiritual well-being of consumers within residential aged care. Following an exploratory review of the literature, the results indicate that effective processes are noted regarding the triage and identification of the needs and spiritual assessment of consumers; however, many of these tools are overly religious in content, unwieldy in size, or not specifically aimed at identifying the immediate crisis confronting the consumer. It is recommended that an assessment instrument be developed which is communicable across all allied health practitioners (including spiritual carers), which may contribute towards a taxonomy of common consumer conditions, and which will enable the development and delivery of more targeted care plans.
KeywordsResidential aged care Assessments Spiritual well-being Spiritual care Chaplaincy Religion
Appreciation is acknowledged to Dr. Bruce Rumbold and Dr. Christa Carey-Sargeant (Palliative Care Unit, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia) and the McKellar Centre, Barwon Health (Geelong, Victoria, Australia) for their assistance in completing this research.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Ethics approval was not required, as this study did not involve any animal experimentation or human participants.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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