Advertisement

Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 58, Issue 6, pp 1953–1960 | Cite as

The Association Between Muslim Religiosity and Internet Addiction Among Young Adult College Students

  • Mohammad NadeemEmail author
  • Muhammad Ayub Buzdar
  • Muhammad Shakir
  • Samra Naseer
Original Paper

Abstract

The major focus of this research was to investigate the effects of religiosity factor on internet addiction among young adults enrolled at college level. We adopted two instruments to gather the information including OK-religious attitude scale for Muslims developed and used by Ok, Uzeyir, and Internet Addiction Test prepared by Widyanto and McMurran. In total, 800 Muslim college students enrolled in four colleges at graduate level of southern Punjab Pakistan were chosen through multi-phase sampling. The subscales revealed more than .76 Cronbach alpha coefficients. The outcomes expressed positive role in case of DE conversion in world faith toward internet indications, whereas intrinsic religious orientations remained beneficial in decreasing internet usage. Students’ anti-religion subscale demonstrates higher increase in becoming of internet addict; however, intrinsic religious orientations show significant decrease in using internet. Similarly, DE conversion in world faith view and Anti-Religion Scale indicate students’ significant contributions in expecting them being internet addict. The study determines that the religiosity factor considerably illuminate the variances in developing internet addiction among the Muslim college adults with the direct effect of intrinsic religious orientation and indirect effect of anti-religion aspect.

Keywords

Religion Religiosity Internet Young adults College students 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors certify that they have no financial or non-financial conflict of interest with any organization related with the contents and subject of this paper.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in the current study including data collection from the human participants were in accordance with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

All the research participants were informed about the objectives and procedure of the study. The data were collected after acquiring their informed consent.

References

  1. Adalıer, A., & Balkan, E. (2012). The relationship between internet addiction and psychological symptoms. International Journal of Global Education, 1(2). Retrieved from http://www.ijtase.net/ojs/index.php/ijge/article/view/72.
  2. Association, American College Health. (2007). American college health association national college health assessment spring 2006 reference group data report (abridged). Journal of American College Health,55(4), 195–206.  https://doi.org/10.3200/JACH.55.4.195-206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beenen, G., Ling, K., Wang, X., Chang, K., Frankowski, D., Resnick, P., & Kraut, R. (2004). Using social psychology to motivate contributions to online communities. HumanComputer Interaction Institute. Retrieved from http://repository.cmu.edu/hcii/88.
  4. Blachnio, A., Przepiorka, A., & Pantic, I. (2016). Association between Facebook addiction, self-esteem and life satisfaction: A cross-sectional study. Computers in Human Behavior,55, 701–705.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.10.026.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brossard, D., Scheufele, D., Kim, E., & Lewenstein, B. V. (2009). Religiosity as a perceptual filter: Examining processes of opinion formation about nanotechnology. Public Understanding of Science,18, 546–558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Buddenbaum, J. M. (2002). Social science and the study of media and religion: Going forward by looking backward. Journal of Media and Religion,1(1), 13–24.  https://doi.org/10.1207/S15328415JMR0101_3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Buzdar, M. A., Ali, A., Nadeem, M., & Nadeem, M. (2015). Relationship between religiosity and psychological symptoms in female university students. Journal of Religion and Health,54(6), 2155–2163.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-014-9941-0.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Buzdar, M. A., Tariq, R. U. H., Jalal, H., & Nadeem, M. (2018). Does religiosity reduce narcissistic personality disorder? Examining the case of Muslim university students. Journal of Religion and Health.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0628-9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Campbell, L. M. (2005). Overcoming obstacles to interdisciplinary research. Conservation Biology,19(2), 574–577.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.00058.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Caplan, S. E. (2007). Relations among loneliness, social anxiety, and problematic Internet use. Cyberpsychology & Behavior: The Impact of the Internet, Multimedia and Virtual Reality on Behavior and Society, 10(2), 234–242.  https://doi.org/10.1089/cpb.2006.9963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dalbudak, E., Evren, C., Aldemir, S., Coskun, K. S., Ugurlu, H., & Yildirim, F. G. (2013). Relationship of internet addiction severity with depression, anxiety, and alexithymia, temperament and character in university students. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking,16(4), 272–278.  https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2012.0390.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Fathi, A., & Heath, C. L. (1974). Group influence, mass media and musical taste among Canadian students. Journalism Quarterly,51(4), 705–709.  https://doi.org/10.1177/107769907405100419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gosling, S. D., & Mason, W. (2015). Internet research in psychology. Annual Review of Psychology,66(1), 877–902.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010814-015321.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Hamilton, N. F., & Rubin, A. M. (1992). The influence of religiosity on television viewing. Journalism Quarterly,69(3), 667–678.  https://doi.org/10.1177/107769909206900315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hirschman, E. C. (1982). Religious affiliation and consumption processes: A preliminary paradigm. Research in Marketing,6(1), 131–170.Google Scholar
  16. Ko, C. H., Yen, J. Y., Yen, C. F., Chen, C. S., & Chen, C. C. (2012). The association between Internet addiction and psychiatric disorder: A review of the literature. European Psychiatry: The Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists,27(1), 1–8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2010.04.011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kuss, D. J., & Griffiths, M. D. (2011). Online social networking and addiction—A review of the psychological literature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health,8(9), 3528.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph8093528.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. Mokhlis, S. (2009). Relevancy and measurement of religiosity in consumer behavior research. International Business Research,2(3), P75.  https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v2n3P75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Morrison, H., & Gore, C. (2010). The relationship between excessive Internet use and depression: A questionnaire-based study of 1319 young people and adults. Psychopathology,43(2), 121–126.  https://doi.org/10.1159/000277001.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Motamedi, A., Ajeyi, G., Azad Falah, P., & Kiamanesh, A. (2005). Studying relationship between religious orientation and successful agedness. Scholar,12, 43–56.Google Scholar
  21. Nadeem, M., Ali, A., & Buzdar, M. A. (2017). The association between Muslim religiosity and young adult college students’ depression, anxiety, and stress. Journal of Religion and Health,56(4), 1170–1179.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-016-0338-0.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Nahon, K., & Barzilai, G. (2004). Cultured technology: Internet and religious fundamentalism (SSRN Scholarly Paper No. ID 2207679). Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network. Retrieved from https://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=2207679.
  23. Nie, N., & Erbring, L. (2000). Internet and society: A preliminary report. InterSurvey Inc., and McKinsey & Co: SIQSS. Retrieved from http://www.nomads.usp.br/documentos/textos/cultura_digital/tics_arq_urb/internet_society%20report.pdf.
  24. Nielsen, J. S. (2004). Muslims in Western Europe. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Ok, Ü. (2016). The Ok-religious attitude scale (Islam): Introducing an instrument originated in Turkish for international use. Journal of Beliefs and Values,37(1), 55–67.  https://doi.org/10.1080/13617672.2016.1141529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Przepiorka, A. M., Blachnio, A., Miziak, B., & Czuczwar, S. J. (2014). Clinical approaches to treatment of Internet addiction. Pharmacological Reports: PR,66(2), 187–191.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pharep.2013.10.001.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Ryan, T., & Xenos, S. (2011). Who uses Facebook? An investigation into the relationship between the big five, shyness, narcissism, loneliness, and Facebook usage. Computers in Human Behavior,27(5), 1658–1664.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2011.02.004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Stamm, K., & Weis, R. (2016). The newspaper and community integration: A study of ties to a local church community. Communication Research.  https://doi.org/10.1177/009365028601300107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Stieger, S., Burger, C., Bohn, M., & Voracek, M. (2013). Who commits virtual identity suicide? Differences in privacy concerns, internet addiction, and personality between Facebook users and quitters. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking,16(9), 629–634.  https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2012.0323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Streib, H., & Keller, B. (2004). The variety of deconversion experiences: Contours of a concept in respect to empirical research. Archiv Für Religionspsychologie/Archive for the Psychology of Religion,26, 181–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Swatos, W. H. (1988). Content pages of the encyclopedia of religion and social science. Retrieved from http://hirr.hartsem.edu/ency/Protestantism.htm.
  32. Tsitsika, A. K., Tzavela, E. C., Janikian, M., Ólafsson, K., Iordache, A., Schoenmakers, T. M., et al. (2014). Online social networking in adolescence: Patterns of use in six European countries and links with psychosocial functioning. The Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine,55(1), 141–147.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.11.010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Widyanto, L., & McMurran, M. (2004). The psychometric properties of the internet addiction test. Cyberpsychology and Behavior: The Impact of the Internet, Multimedia and Virtual Reality on Behavior and Society,7(4), 443–450.  https://doi.org/10.1089/cpb.2004.7.443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Yang, S. C., & Tung, C.-J. (2007). Comparison of Internet addicts and non-addicts in Taiwanese high school. Computers in Human Behavior,23(1), 79–96.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2004.03.037.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Yao, M. Z., He, J., Ko, D. M., & Pang, K. (2013). The influence of personality, parental behaviors, and self-esteem on internet addiction: A study of Chinese college students. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking,17(2), 104–110.  https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2012.0710.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Government S.E. College BahawalpurBahawalpurPakistan
  2. 2.Department of EducationGovernment College University FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan
  3. 3.The Islamia University of BahawalpurBahawalpurPakistan
  4. 4.University of Agriculture FaisalabadVehariPakistan

Personalised recommendations