Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Types of Projects Implemented by Volunteer Lay Health Educators in Their Congregations
This study focused on the association between type of community health interventions and lay health educator variables. Lay health educators are volunteers from local faith communities who complete a healthcare training program, taught by physicians in-training. Lay health educators are instructed to implement health-related initiatives in their respective communities after graduation. Of the 72 graduates since 2011, we surveyed 55 lay health educators to gain insight into their involvement with their congregation and the type of health projects they have implemented. We dichotomized the health projects into “raising awareness” and “teaching new health skills.” Using adjusted logistic regression models, variables associated with implementing health projects aimed at teaching health skills included length of time as a member of their congregation, current employment, and age. These results may help future programs prepare lay health community educators for the type of health interventions they intend to implement in their respective communities.
KeywordsLay health educator Community Health literacy Congregations
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights
This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- Center for National Health Development in Ethiopia. (2011a). Ethiopia health extension program evaluation study, 2005–2010, volume I. Household health survey. Addis Ababa: Columbia University.Google Scholar
- Center for National Health Development in Ethiopia. (2011b). Support and management of HEP, 2005–2010, volume IV. Addis Ababa: Columbia University.Google Scholar
- Gary, T. L., Batts-Turner, M., Yeh, H. C., Hill-Briggs, F., Bone, L. R., Wang, N. Y., et al. (2009). The effects of a nurse case manager and a community health worker team on diabetic control, emergency department visits, and hospitalizations among urban African Americans with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A randomized controlled trial. Archives of Internal Medicine, 169, 1788–1794.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Ingram, M., Sabo, S., Rothers, J., Wennerstrom, A., & de Zapien, J. G. (2008). Community health workers and community advocacy: Addressing health disparities. Journal of Community Health, 33(6), 417–424.Google Scholar
- Israel, B. A., Coombe, C. M., Cheezum, R. R., Schulz, A. J., McGranaghan, R. J., Lichtenstein, R., et al. (2010). Community-based participatory research: a capacity-building approach for policy advocacy aimed at eliminating health disparities. American Journal of Public Health, 100, 2094–2102.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Kim, O., Ovbiagele, B., Valle, N., Markovic, D., & Towfighi, A. (2017). Race-ethnic disparities in cardiometabolic risk profiles among stroke survivors with undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes in the United States. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 26, 2727–2733.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Maraccini, A. M., Galiatsatos, P., Harper, M., & Slonim, A. D. (2017). Creating clarity: Distinguishing between community and population health. American Journal of Accountable Care, 6, 32–37.Google Scholar
- Pallas, S. W., Minhas, D., Perez-Escamilla, R., Taylor, L., Curry, L., & Bradley, E. H. (2013). Community health workers in low- and middle-income countries: What do we know about scaling up and sustainability? American Journal of Public Health, 103, e74–e82.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar