Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 58, Issue 1, pp 259–270 | Cite as

Self-Care in Iranian Cancer Patients: The Role of Religious Coping

  • Amir Hossein Goudarzian
  • Christopher Boyle
  • Sima Beik
  • Azar Jafari
  • Masoumeh Bagheri NesamiEmail author
  • Mozhgan Taebi
  • Fatemeh Zamani
Original Paper


Religious and spiritual practices are related to physical and mental health. Social support is an important source to aid coping, but this is not without its difficulties. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between religious coping and self-care in a sample of Iranian cancer patients. In this cross-sectional study (October–December, 2015), 380 cancer patients were entered into the study using non random sampling (accessible sampling). Data were collected using socio-demographic, religious coping (R-COPE), and self-care questionnaires. Male patients (48.39 ± 13.39; 95% CI 46.41–50.38) were older than the females patients (45.33 ± 18.44; 95% CI 42.79–47.87). The findings indicated that there was a significant correlation between self-care and positive religious coping (r = .188, p = .009). Also there was a significant relationship between self-care and a history of smoking (p < .05). It seems that improving the level of positive religious affiliation can have beneficial effect on the self-care of cancer patients. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct these studies with greater scale and more different societies to achieve more reliable results about the effects of religious coping on self-care behaviors in cancer patients.


Self-care Cancer Religious coping Iran Cancer patients 



Authors would like to express their gratitude for the cooperation of all cancer patients. This study is result of Research Project No. 96. The project was approved and financially supported by student research committee of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.


The author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Ethical Considerations

This study was confirmed by the Ethics Committee of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences (Ref: IR.MAZUMS.REC.95.S.110). Patients were informed about the study objectives and procedures. Moreover, they ensured that participation was voluntary and it would not affect the course of their treatment. The confidentiality of patients’ information was guaranteed. Written informed consent was obtained from all participants.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amir Hossein Goudarzian
    • 1
  • Christopher Boyle
    • 2
  • Sima Beik
    • 1
  • Azar Jafari
    • 1
  • Masoumeh Bagheri Nesami
    • 3
    Email author
  • Mozhgan Taebi
    • 4
  • Fatemeh Zamani
    • 1
  1. 1.Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical SciencesSariIran
  2. 2.Graduate School of EducationUniversity of ExeterExeterUK
  3. 3.Department of Medical- Surgical Nursing, Pediatric Infectious Diseases Research CenterMazandaran University of Medical SciencesSariIran
  4. 4.Faculty of Allied MedicineKerman University of Medical SciencesKermanIran

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