Religiosity and Physician Lifestyle from a Family Health Strategy
- 76 Downloads
This study examines the association between religiosity and physician lifestyle from a Family Health Strategy perspective. This is a cross-sectional study with 30 physicians, who completed the religiosity and lifestyle questionnaires. Among the participants, 70% (n = 21) had no “focus” on spirituality and health. The average total lifestyle score was 74.1 (SD = 8.1), but the “Physical Activity” subscale score was below average (3.4, SD = 2.37). We found eight significant correlations between religiosity and lifestyle subscales (p < 0.05). Greater religious involvement is associated with better overall and specific areas of physician lifestyle.
KeywordsSpirituality Religion Integrality Health promotion Lifestyle
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
All the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Abdala, G. A., Kimura, M., Koenig, H. G., Reinert, K. G., & Horton, K. (2015b). Religiosity and quality of life in older adults: Literature review. LifeStyle Journal, 2, 25–51. https://doi.org/10.19141/2237-3756/lifestyle.v2.n2.p.25-51.Google Scholar
- Barbosa, G. A., Andrade, E. O., Carneiro, M. B., & Gouveia, V. V. (2007). The health of doctors in Brazil [A saúde dos médicos no Brasil] (p. 220p). Brasília: Conselho Federal de Medicina.Google Scholar
- Borges, D. C., Anjos, G. L., Oliveira, L. R., Leite, J. R., & Lucchetti, G. (2013). Health, spirituality and religiosity: medical students’ views. Revista Brasileira de Clínica Médica, 11(1), 6–11.Google Scholar
- Brazil. IBGE. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics - IBGE. Demographic Census [Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística – IBGE. Censo Demográfico], 2010. http://censo2010.ibge.gov.br/resultados.
- Brazil. Ministry of Health Resolution 466, December 12, 2012. It deals with research on human beings and updates resolution 196/96. Official Journal of the Union, Brasília, DF. [Ministério da Saúde. Resolução nº 466, de 12 de dezembro de 2012. Trata de pesquisas em seres humanos e atualiza a resolução 196/96. Diário Oficial da União, Brasília, DF] 13 jun. 2013. Seção 1, p. 59. http://bvsms.saude.gov.br/bvs/saudelegis/cns/2013/res0466_12_12_2012.html.
- Büssing, A., Hirdes, A. T., Baumann, K., Hvidt, N. C., & Heusser, P. (2013). Aspects of Spirituality in Medical Doctors and their Relation to Specific Views of Illness and Dealing with their Patient’s Individual Situation. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine, 1-10 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3730148/pdf/ECAM2013-734392.pdf.
- Chehuen Neto, J. A., Simarco, M. T., Delgado, A. A. A., Lara, C. M., Moutinho, B. D., & Lima, W. G. (2013). Do medical students know how to take care of their own health? HU Revista UFJF, 39(1 e 2), 45–53.Google Scholar
- Fonseca, M. S. M., Bueno, M. E., Schliemann, A. L., Kitanishi, N. Y., & Florian, L. C., Jr. (2014). Spirituality for medical students: contributions for the medical teaching. Revista da Faculdade de Ciências Médicas de Sorocaba, 16(2), 55–58.Google Scholar
- Gonçalves, M. C. N., & Bellodi, P. L. (2012). Mentors also need support: a study on their difficulties and resources in medical schools. Medical Journal, 130(4), 252–258.Google Scholar
- Koenig, H. (2012). Medicine, religion and health: where science and spirituality meet (Translated to Portuguese). Porto Alegre: L&P.Google Scholar
- Koenig, H. G. (2015). Religion, Spirituality and Health: A Review and Update. Advances in Mind-Body Medicine, 29(3), 19–26.Google Scholar
- Koenig, H. G., & Büssing, A. (2010). The Duke University Religion Index (DUREL): a Five-Item Measure for Use in Epidemiological Studies. Religious, 1, 78–85.Google Scholar
- Koenig, H. G., King, D. E., & Carson, V. B. (2012). Handbook of religion and health (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Lucchetti, G., Granero, A. L., & Bassi, R. M. (2010). Spirituality in clinical practice: what should the general practitioner know? Revista Brasileira de Clínica Médica, 8(2), 154–158.Google Scholar
- Lucchetti, G., Lucchetti, A. L. G., & Avezum, A., Jr. (2011). Religiosity, Spirituality and Cardiovascular Diseases. Revista Brasileira de Cardiologia, 24(1), 55–57.Google Scholar
- Lucchetti, G., Lucchetti, A. L. G., & Espinha, D. C. M. (2012). Spirituality and health in the curricula of medical schools in Brazil. BMC Medical Education, 12(78), 1–8.Google Scholar
- Lucchetti, G., Oliveira, L. R., Koenig, H. G, Leite, J. R., & Lucchetti, A. L. G. (2013). Medical students, spirituality and religiosity—Results from the multicenter study SBRAME. BMC Medical Education [Internet]. [cited 2017 Jun 9]13, 1–8.: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6920/13/162.
- McCormick, T. R. (2014). Spirituality and medicine. Ethics in Medicine. University of Washington, School of Medicine. https://depts.washington.edu/bioethx/topics/spirit.html.
- Moreira-Almeida, A., & Stroppa, A. (2012). Spirituality and mental health: what does the evidence show? Revista Debates em Psiquiatria, 2(6), 34–41.Google Scholar
- Neri, M. C. (Coord.). (2011). New map of Religions [internet]. Rio de Janeiro: CPS/FGV. http://www.cps.fgv.br/cps/religiao/>.
- Rassoulian, A., Seidman, C., & Loffler-Stastka, H. (2016). Transcendence, religion and spirituality in medicine. Medicine [internet], 95, 38, 1-6. [cited 2017 Jun 9]. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000004953.
- Santos, R. Z. (2013). A Spirituality and Religiosity in pediatric practice. [dissertation]. Sao Paulo: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo.Google Scholar
- Scheffer, M. (org). (2015). Medical Demography in Brazil 2015. Department of Preventive Medicine, USP Medical School. Regional Council of Medicine of the State of Sao Paulo [Demografia Médica no Brasil 2015. Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina da USP. São Paulo, 284 páginas. ISBN: 978-85-89656-22-1.Google Scholar
- Souza, V. C. T. (2008). University, ethics and spirituality. In L. Pessini & C. P. Barchifontaine (Eds.), Organizadores. Seek the meaning and fulness of life: bioethics, health and spirituality. São Paulo: Paulinas.Google Scholar
- World Health Organization - WHO. (2004). A glossary of terms for community health care and services for older persons. World Health Organization, v. 5. http://www.who.int/kobe_centre/ageing/ahp_vol5_glossary.pdf.
- World Medical Association. (2000). Declaration of Helsinki. http://www.who.int/bulletin/archives/79(4)373.pdf.