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Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 58, Issue 1, pp 132–152 | Cite as

Humility, Relational Spirituality, and Well-being among Religious Leaders: A Moderated Mediation Model

  • Peter J. JankowskiEmail author
  • Steven J. Sandage
  • Chance A. Bell
  • Elizabeth G. Ruffing
  • Chris Adams
Original Paper

Abstract

Prior research has demonstrated positive associations between general humility and well-being, and posited a protective effect for intellectual humility against maladjustment among religious leaders. We tested a model that extended findings on general humility to include intellectual humility among religious leaders (N = 258; M age = 42.31; 43% female; 63.7% White; 91.9% Christian affiliation). We observed a positive general humility–well-being association. Contrary to expectations, we observed risk effects for religion-specific intellectual humility. Our findings also point to the possibility that these risk effects might be attenuated by the integration of high levels of general and intellectual humility.

Keywords

Intellectual humility Differentiation of self Attachment to God Religious leaders 

Notes

Funding

This study was funded by the John Templeton Foundation (grant number 60622).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter J. Jankowski
    • 1
    Email author
  • Steven J. Sandage
    • 2
  • Chance A. Bell
    • 2
  • Elizabeth G. Ruffing
    • 2
  • Chris Adams
    • 3
  1. 1.Counseling ProgramBethel UniversitySt. PaulUSA
  2. 2.Boston UniversityBostonUSA
  3. 3.Azusa Pacific SeminaryAzusaUSA

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