Religiosity and Beliefs About the Transmission of Cancer, Chemotherapy, and Radiation Through Physical Contact in Saudi Arabia
- 24 Downloads
We examined relationships between religiosity and Saudi cancer patients’ beliefs about the spread of cancer, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy through close physical contact. Surveyed were 64 patients seen in university oncology clinics. Assessed were beliefs about the spread of cancer and its treatments, along with religious, demographic, social, psychological, and cancer-related characteristics. Greater religiosity was related to older age, non-Saudi nationality, less anxiety, earlier cancer stage, and greater time since initial diagnosis. Non-significant trends suggested that religious practices were associated with less, but intrinsic religious beliefs with more concern about contagiousness, although the findings were limited by low statistical power.
KeywordsReligiosity Cancer Chemotherapy Radiation therapy Contagiousness
The authors thank Alshima Dawod Al-Mahnaby and Masheal Taha Alsomali for their tireless efforts and assistance with this project.
Funding was provided by Interdepartmental Funds.
- Al-Wassia, R., Al-Zaben, F., Sehlo, M. G., & Koenig, H. G. (2018). Is cancer or its treatments contagious? Beliefs of cancer patients in Saudi Arabia. Psycho-Oncology, in submission.Google Scholar
- Arip, A. A. M., Sharip, S., & Rosli, A. N. M. (2018). Islamic integrated exposure response therapy for mental pollution subtype of contamination obsessive-compulsive disorder: A case report and literature review. Mental Health, Religion and Culture. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674676.2018.1436047.Google Scholar
- Duke Depression Evaluation Schedule. (1994). Center for the study of depression in later life. Durham, NC: Department of Psychiatry, Duke University Medical Center.Google Scholar
- Eftekhar, Z., & Yarandi, F. (2004). Knowledge and concerns about cancer in patients with primary gynecologic cancers. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 5(2), 213–216.Google Scholar
- Freud, S. (1907). Obsessive actions and religious practices. Standard Edition, 9, 115–127.Google Scholar
- Inozu, M., Kahya, Y., & Yorulmaz, O. (2018). Neuroticism and religiosity: The role of obsessive beliefs, thought-control strategies and guilt in scrupulosity and obsessive–compulsive symptoms among Muslim undergraduates. Journal of Religion and Health. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0603-5.Google Scholar
- Koenig, H. G., & Al Shohaib, S. (2017). Islam and mental health: Beliefs, research, and clinical applications. Amazon: CreateSpace.Google Scholar
- Koenig, H. G., Al-Zaben, F., Khalifa, D. A., & Al Shohaib, S. (2014). Measures of religiosity, Chapter 19. In G. J. Boyle, D. H. Saklofske, & G. Mathews (Eds.), Measures of personality and social psychological constructs (pp. 533–564). San Diego, CA: Academic Press (Elsevier).Google Scholar
- Krouwel, E. M., Nicolai, M. P. J., van Steijn-van Tol, A. Q. M. J., Putter, H., Osanto, S., Pelger, R. C. M., et al. (2015). Addressing changed sexual functioning in cancer patients: A cross-sectional survey among Dutch oncology nurses. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 19(6), 707–715.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Snyder, J. (2018). Can your cancer treatment be hazardous to others? Cleveland clinic. Retrieved from https://health.clevelandclinic.org/2015/01/can-your-cancer-treatment-be-hazardous-to-others/. Accessed Jan 10, 2018.
- Stein, L., Urban, M. I., O’Connell, D., Yu, X. Q., Beral, V., Newton, R., et al. (2008). The spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus-associated cancers in a South African black population: Results from a case-control study, 1995–2004. International Journal of Cancer, 122(10), 2260–2265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar