Volunteer Work, Religious Commitment, and Resting Pulse Rates
Research indicates that greater involvement in volunteer activities is associated with better health. We aim to contribute to this literature in two ways. First, rather than rely on self-reports of health, measured resting pulse rates serve as the dependent variable. Second, an effort is made to see if religious commitment moderates the relationship between volunteering and resting pulse rates. Data that come from a recent nationwide survey (N = 2265) suggest that volunteer work is associated with lower resting pulse rates. The results also reveal that the relationship between engaging in volunteer work and resting pulse rates improves among study participants who are more deeply committed to religion.
KeywordsVolunteering Religious commitment Resting pulse rates
Funding for this study was provided by a grant from the John Templeton Foundation (#40077).
Compliance with Ethnical Standards
Conflict of interest
Dr. Krause declares he has no conflict of interest, Dr. Ironson declares she has no conflict of interest, and Dr. Hill declares he has no conflict of interest
This article does not contain any studies with animals that were performed by the authors. All procedures performed in studies involving human subjects were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
- Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park: Sage.Google Scholar
- Butts, M. M., & Ng, T. W. (2009). Chopped liver? OK. Chopped data? Not OK. In C. E. Lance & R. J. Vandenberg (Eds.), Statistical and methodological myths and urban legends (pp. 361–376). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Fetzer Institute/National Institute on Aging Working Group. (1999). Multidimensional measurement of religiousness/spirituality for use in health research. Kalamazoo: John E. Fetzer Institute.Google Scholar
- Ho, J. E., Larson, M. G., Ghorbani, A., Cheng, S., Coglianese, E. E., & Wang, T. (2014). Long-term cardiovascular risks associated with an elevated heart rate: The Framingham Heart Study. Journal of the American Heart Association, 3, 668–701.Google Scholar
- Koenig, H. G., King, D. E., & Carson, V. B. (2012). Handbook of religion and health (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Ladd, K. L., & Spilka, B. (2013). Ritual and prayer: Forms, functions, and relationships. In R. F. Paloutzian & C. L. Park (Eds.), Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality (2nd ed., pp. 441–456). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
- Lundberg, C. (2010). Unifying truths of the world’s religions. New Fairfield CT: Heavenlight Press.Google Scholar
- Musick, M. A., & Wilson, J. (2008). Volunteers: A social profile. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
- Royce, J. (1912/2001). The sources of religious insight. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press.Google Scholar