Advertisement

Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 56, Issue 5, pp 1658–1669 | Cite as

Practice of Nursing Care Provided to Clients from Muslim Countries in the Czech Republic

  • Tomáš JankůEmail author
  • Lenka Linhartová
  • Daniel Topinka
Original Paper

Abstract

Authors deal with practice of nursing care provided to Muslim clients in the Czech Republic. They use the explorative research design. By means of analyses of 21 semi-structured interviews with important social actors in the area of health care (spa resorts and hospitals). The study shows that Muslims are not homogeneous in their behaviour in the field of health care. In the spa environment, three interpretation perspectives can be found: the economic interpretation of a Muslim as the source of income of the Czech spa industry, which faces economic problems, the cultural interpretation developed within the spas (the experience capital of the staff and other clients), and the (a) cultural interpretation of Muslims and Islam brought to spas from the outside (the public opinion). However, in the area of hospitals, Muslims are not separated from the remaining categories of students; Muslim patients represent a small group of persons, and their treatment being conditioned by the distance or closeness of cultures, language skills, adaptation, and experiences with treatment in the Czech environment as perceived by the staff.

Keywords

Nursing Spa resorts Islam Muslim The Czech Republic 

References

  1. Al-Yousefi, N. (2012). Observations of Muslim physicians regarding the influence of religion on health and their clinical approach. Journal of Religion and Health, 51(2), 269–280.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Berger, P. (1990). The sacred canopy: Elements of a sociological theory of religion. New York: Anchor books.Google Scholar
  3. Berger, P. L., & Luckmann, T. (1999). Social construction of reality. Brno: Centrum pro studium demokracie a kultury.Google Scholar
  4. Černín, F. (2010). Religion as the Perception of reality in public space. In D. Ryšavý (Ed.), Sociologica-Andragogica 2010 (pp. 91–99). Olomouc: Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci.Google Scholar
  5. Dervartanian Kulwicky, A. (2008). People of Arab heritage. In L. D. Purnell & B. J. Paulanka (Eds.), Transcultural health care: A culturally competent approach (pp. 113–128). Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company.Google Scholar
  6. Dvořák, M. (2015). Inhabitants of Teplice protest against Arabs by walking their dogs in the spa park all together. iDnes.cz [online]. 2015 [cit. 2015-08-14]. http://usti.idnes.cz/patecni-venceni-psu-v-teplicich-proti-arabum-f3j-/usti-zpravy.aspx?c=A150720_153229_usti-zpravy_alh.
  7. Haque, A. (2004). Religion and mental health: The case of American Muslims. Journal of Religion and Health, 43(1), 45–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Inhorn, M. C., & Serour, G. I. (2011). Islam, medicine, and Arab-Muslim refugee health in America after 9/11. The Lancet, 378(9794), 935–943.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ivanová, K., Špirudová, L., & Kutnohorská, J. (2005). Multikulturní ošetřovatelství I. [Multicultural Nursing Care I.]. Prague: Grada Publishing.Google Scholar
  10. Koenig, H. G., & Al Shohaib, S. (2014). Health and well-being in Islamic societies. Background, research, and applications. Cham: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Laird, L. D., Amer, M. M., Barnett, E. D., & Barnes, L. (2007). Muslim patients and health disparities in the UK and the US. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 92(10), 922–926.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Lorenzová, D., Mareš, J., & Měrka, V. (1999). Zdravotní péče o muslimské pacienty: stručná příručka pro vojenské lékaře působící v zahraničí [Caring for Muslim patients: A Brief guide for military physicians working abroad]. Hradec Králové: Vojenská lékařská akademie Jana Evangelisty Purkyně.Google Scholar
  13. Luckmann, T. (1967). Invisible religion. The problem of religion in modern society. New York: The Macmillan Company.Google Scholar
  14. Martin, M. B. (2015). Perceived discrimination of Muslims in health care. Journal of Mental Health, 9(2), 41–69.Google Scholar
  15. Padela, A. I., Shanawani, H., Greenlaw, J., Hamid, H., Aktas, M., & Chin, N. (2008). The perceived role of Islam in immigrant Muslim medical practice within the USA: An exploratory qualitative study. Journal of Medical Ethics, 34(5), 365–369.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Purnell, L. D. (2008). Transcultural diversity and health care. In L. D. Purnell & B. J. Paulanka (Eds.), Transcultural health care: A culturally competent approach (pp. 1–18). Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company.Google Scholar
  17. Špirudová, L., Ivanová, K., Halmo, R., Tomanová, D., & Bursová, J. (2004). Pečujeme o klienty odlišných etnik a kultur [Caring for clients from different ethnic groups and cultures]. Olomouc. http://www.eifzvip.cz/dokumenty/elektronicka_knihovna/Pecujeme_o_klienty_odlisnych_etnik_a_kultur.pdf.
  18. Topinka, D. (2010). Integration of immigrants/Muslims in the “Czech” society. In D. Lužný & D. Václavík (Eds.), Individualisation of religion and identity: Comments on the contemporary sociology of religion (pp. 253–301). Praha: Malvern.Google Scholar
  19. Topinka, D. (2015). The role of religiousness and ethnicity in the process of integration of muslims—Immigrants to the Czech society. In K. Černý (Ed.), Crescent above Europe I: Muslims in Czechia and western societies (pp. 24–63). Praha: Karolinum.Google Scholar
  20. Topinka, D. (2016). Muslims and Islam through a prism of public opinion. Pantheon (in press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomáš Janků
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lenka Linhartová
    • 1
  • Daniel Topinka
    • 2
  1. 1.SocioFactor s.r.o.BrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.SocioFactor s.r.o.OstravaCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations