Advertisement

Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 56, Issue 2, pp 380–387 | Cite as

Religious Coping and Substance Use: The Moderating Role of Sex

  • Stacy C. ParenteauEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to ascertain whether positive and negative religious coping are associated with substance use and to determine whether sex moderates this association. This study utilized a cross-sectional design and examined 349 undergraduate students (103 males and 246 females) at a midsize southeastern university. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire, the Brief RCOPE, and the Drinking and Drug Habits Questionnaire. Results revealed a positive association between negative religious coping and substance use only for males. While positive religious coping was significantly negatively associated with substance use, sex did not moderate this association. These results suggest that males may be especially vulnerable to engaging in substance use when utilizing negative religious coping. It may be important for university counseling centers to be cognizant of the types of religious coping used by students, as well as sex differences regarding the association between negative religious coping and substance use.

Keywords

Religious coping Substance use Sex differences 

Notes

Acknowledgments

I would like to thank Kristen Waters, Brittany Cox, Heather Culpepper, Philip Hughes, Megan Horton, Tarsha Patterson, Jessica Chadwick, and Ashley Weston for assistance with data collection. I also thank Glen Ray, Ph.D., for his helpful suggestions and feedback.

References

  1. Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park: Sage.Google Scholar
  2. Bonelli, R. M., & Koenig, H. G. (2013). Mental disorders, religion and spirituality 1990 to 2010: A systematic evidence-based review. Journal of Religion and Health, 52, 657–673.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Buu, A., Dabrowska, A., Heinze, J. E., Hsieh, H., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2015). Gender differences in the developmental trajectories of multiple substance use and the effect of nicotine and marijuana use on heavy drinking in a high-risk sample. Addictive Behaviors, 50, 6–12.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2008). Cigarette smoking among adults—United States, 2007. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 57, 1221–1226.Google Scholar
  5. Chen, P., & Jacobson, K. C. (2012). Developmental trajectories of substance use from early adolescence to young adulthood: Gender and racial/ethnic differences. Journal of Adolescent Health, 50, 154–163.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Chitwood, D. D., Weiss, M. L., & Leukefeld, C. G. (2008). A systematic review of recent literature on religiosity and substance use. The Journal of Drug Issues, 38, 653–688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Collins, R. L., Parks, G. A., & Marlatt, G. A. (1985). Social determinants of alcohol consumption: The effects of social interaction and model status on the self-administration of alcohol. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53, 189–200.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Ferraro, K. F., & Kelley-Moore, J. A. (2000). Religious consolation among men and women: Do health problems spur seeking? Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 39, 220–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fothergill, K. E., Ensminger, M. E., Green, K. M., Robertson, J. A., & Soon Juan, H. (2009). Pathways to adult marijuana and cocaine use: A prospective study of African Americans from age 6 to 42. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 50, 65–81.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Horton, K. D., & Loukas, A. (2013). Depressive symptoms, religious coping, and cigarette smoking among post-secondary vocational students. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 27, 705–713.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., Schulenberg, J. E., & Miech, R. A. (2015). Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use, 1975–2014: Volume 2, College students and adults ages 19–55. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan.Google Scholar
  12. Jose, P. E. (2013). ModGraph-I: A programme to compute cell means for the graphical display of moderational analyses: The internet/Excel version, Version 3.0. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. http://pavlov.psyc.vuw.ac.nz/paul-jose/modgraph/.
  13. Keefe, F. J., Affleck, G., Lefebvre, J., Underwood, L., Caldwell, D. S., Drew, J., et al. (2001). Living with rheumatoid arthritis: The role of daily spirituality and daily religious and spiritual coping. The Journal of Pain, 2, 101–110.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Kendler, K. S., & Myers, J. (2009). A developmental twin study of church attendance and alcohol and nicotine consumption: A model for analyzing the changing impact of genes and environment. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 166, 1150–1155.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. Palmer, R. S., McMahon, T. J., Moreggi, D. I., Rounsaville, B. J., & Ball, S. A. (2012). College student drug use: Patterns, concerns, consequences, and interest in intervention. Journal of College Student Development, 53, 124–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Pargament, K., Feuille, M., & Burdzy, D. (2011). The Brief RCOPE: Current psychosomatic status of a short measure of religious coping. Religions, 2, 51–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Pargament, K. I., Smith, B. W., Koenig, H. G., & Perez, L. (1998). Patterns of positive and negative religious coping with major life stressors. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 37, 710–724.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Phillips III, R. E., & Stein, C. H. (2007). God’s will, god’s punishment, or god’s limitations? Religious coping strategies reported by young adults living with serious mental illness. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 63, 529–540.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Puffer, E., Skalski, L. M., & Meade, C. S. (2012). Changes in religious coping and relapse to drug use among opioid-dependent patients following inpatient detoxification. Journal of Religion and Health, 51, 1226–1238.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. Shafranske, E. P. (1996). Religion and the clinical practice of psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Stoltzfus, K. M., & Farkas, K. (2012). Alcohol use, daily hassles, and religious coping among students at a religiously affiliated college. Substance Use and Misuse, 47, 1134–1142.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Tamres, L. K., Janicki, D., & Helgeson, V. S. (2002). Sex differences in coping behavior: A meta-analytic review and an examination of relative coping. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6, 2–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Trevino, K. M., Archambault, E., Schuster, J., Richardson, P., & Moye, J. (2012). Religious coping and psychological distress in military veteran cancer survivors. Journal of Religion and Health, 51, 87–98.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. Turchik, J. A., & Garske, J. P. (2009). Measurement of sexual risk taking among college students. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 38, 936–948.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Wechsler, H., & Nelson, T. F. (2008). What we have learned from the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study: Focusing attention on college student alcohol consumption and the environmental conditions that promote it. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 69, 481–490.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Winston, A. P., Hardwick, E., & Jaberi, N. (2005). Neuropsychiatric effects of caffeine. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 11, 432–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyAuburn University at MontgomeryMontgomeryUSA

Personalised recommendations