Religious Coping and Substance Use: The Moderating Role of Sex
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The objectives of this study were to ascertain whether positive and negative religious coping are associated with substance use and to determine whether sex moderates this association. This study utilized a cross-sectional design and examined 349 undergraduate students (103 males and 246 females) at a midsize southeastern university. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire, the Brief RCOPE, and the Drinking and Drug Habits Questionnaire. Results revealed a positive association between negative religious coping and substance use only for males. While positive religious coping was significantly negatively associated with substance use, sex did not moderate this association. These results suggest that males may be especially vulnerable to engaging in substance use when utilizing negative religious coping. It may be important for university counseling centers to be cognizant of the types of religious coping used by students, as well as sex differences regarding the association between negative religious coping and substance use.
KeywordsReligious coping Substance use Sex differences
I would like to thank Kristen Waters, Brittany Cox, Heather Culpepper, Philip Hughes, Megan Horton, Tarsha Patterson, Jessica Chadwick, and Ashley Weston for assistance with data collection. I also thank Glen Ray, Ph.D., for his helpful suggestions and feedback.
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