Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 192–205 | Cite as

The Influence of Religion and Ethnicity on Family Planning Approval: A Case for Women in Rural Western Kenya

  • Pauline BakibingaEmail author
  • Namuunda Mutombo
  • Carol Mukiira
  • Eva Kamande
  • Alex Ezeh
  • Richard Muga
Original Paper


The role of sociocultural factors such as religion and ethnicity in aiding or hampering family planning (FP) uptake in rural Western Kenya, a region with persistently high fertility rates, is not well established. We explored whether attitudes towards FP can be attributed to religious affiliation and/or ethnicity among women in the region. Findings show that religion and ethnicity have no impact; the most significant factors are level of education and knowledge about the benefits of FP for the mother. FP interventions ought to include strategies aimed at enhancing women’s knowledge about the positive impacts of family planning.


Religion Ethnicity Family planning approval Western Kenya 



PWKP is financed by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. The authors are grateful to the Partnerships for Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health (PAMANECH), Evidence to Action (E2A) and PWKP Projects at the African Population and Health Research Center for supporting our work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pauline Bakibinga
    • 1
    Email author
  • Namuunda Mutombo
    • 1
  • Carol Mukiira
    • 1
  • Eva Kamande
    • 1
  • Alex Ezeh
    • 1
  • Richard Muga
    • 2
  1. 1.African Population and Health Research CenterNairobiKenya
  2. 2.Great Lakes University KisumuKisumuKenya

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