Cross-Cultural Validation and Psychometric Properties of the Arabic Brief Religious Coping Scale (A-BRCS)
- 340 Downloads
The aim of this study was to translate and validate the psychometric properties of an Arabic Brief Religious Coping Scale. A descriptive correlational design was used to conduct the study among participants of 403 Iraqi secondary school students. The A-BRCS and both the subscales, positive and negative, had Cronbach’s alphas of .70, .86 and .82, respectively. All inter-item and item-to-total correlations for each subscale were above the recommended criteria of .30. Factor loadings of the positive subscale using oblique (oblimin) and orthogonal (varimax) rotations ranged from .72 to .86 and from .71 to .86, respectively. Factor loadings of the negative subscale using oblimin and varimax rotations ranged from .64 to .83 and from .63 to .83, respectively. The A-BRCS was found to be a valid and reliable instrument to measure religious coping among Iraqi secondary school students.
KeywordsCross-cultural validation Psychometric properties Arabic Brief Religious Coping Scale
This study was funded by The Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research in Iraq.
- Aflakseir, A., & Coleman, P. G. (2011). Initial Development of the Iranian Religious Coping Scale. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 6(1), 44–61.Google Scholar
- Alezerjawi, R. (2005). Developing post traumatic stress disorder adolescent. (unpuplished master thesis), University of Baghdad.Google Scholar
- Al-Kubaisy, N., & Alasdi, A. M. A. (2004). Post traumatic stress disorders among the students of the faculty of education for women. Paper presented at the 13th Scientific Conference of Psychological Research Centre, Baghdad.Google Scholar
- Ashraf, A. (2004). The relationship between PTSD and the aggressive behavior among primary school students. Paper presented at the 13th Scientific Conference of Psychological Research Centre, Baghdad.Google Scholar
- Bay, P., Beckman, D., Trippi, J., Gunderman, R., & Terry, C. (2008). The effect of pastoral care services on anxiety, depression, hope, religious coping, and religious problem solving styles: A randomized controlled study. Journal of Religion and Health, 47(1), 57–69. doi: 10.1007/s10943-007-9131-4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Bradley, R., Schwartz, A. C., & Kaslow, N. J. (2005). Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among low-income, African American women with a history of intimate partner violence and suicidal behaviors: Self-esteem, social support, and religious coping. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 18(6), 685–696. doi: 10.1002/jts.20077.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Brislin, R. W. (1970). Back-translation for cross-cultural research. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1(3), 185–216.Google Scholar
- Clifford, D., & Koenig, H. G. (1995). Aging and god: Spiritual pathways to mental health in mid-life and later years. Haworth Pastoral Press, Bing-hamton, New York, 1994, 554 pp., no price, ISBN 1 560 24424 0. Ageing & Society, 15(03), 440–442. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X00002749.
- Ferketich, S. (1991). Focus on psychometrics. Aspects of item analysis. Research in Nursing & Health, 14(2), 165–168.Google Scholar
- Ghalib, T. (2004). PTSD in among the children exposed to war trauma. Paper presented at the 13th Scientific Conference of Psychological Research Centre.Google Scholar
- Jaber, S. (2012). Developing a self-help guide for traumatised University Students in Iraq (Unpublished PhD thesis). Nottingham: University of Nottingham.Google Scholar
- Pargament, K. I. (1997). The psychology of religion and coping. New Yourk: Guilford.Google Scholar
- Pargament, K. I., Falgout, K., Olsen, H., Reilly, B., Haitsma, K., & Warren, R. (1990). God help me: (I): Religious coping efforts as predictors of the outcomes to significant negative life events. American Journal of Community Psychology, 18(6), 793–824. doi: 10.1007/bf00938065.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Pargament, K. I., Koenig, H. G., & Perez, L. M. (2000). The many methods of religious coping: Development and initial validation of the RCOPE. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 56(4), 519–543. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1097-4679(200004)56:4<519:aid-jclp6>3.0.co;2-1.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Boston: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon.Google Scholar