Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 55, Issue 4, pp 1263–1269 | Cite as

Religion and Subjective Well-Being: Western and Eastern Religious Groups Achieved Subjective Well-Being in Different Ways

  • Yung-Jong Shiah
  • Frances Chang
  • Shih-Kuang Chiang
  • Wai-Cheong Carl Tam
Original Paper


Culture can moderate which variables most influence subjective well-being (SWB). Because religion can be conceptualized as culture, religious differences can be considered cultural differences. However, there have been few studies comparing how different religious groups evaluate SWB at any given time. This study is among the first to investigate this issue. The present study compared Buddhists, Taoists, Christians, and atheists. In addition to demographic items, 451 Chinese adults completed Chinese version of the Socially Oriented Cultural Conception of SWB Scale. Religious belief was distributed as follows: 10 % Christian, 20 % Buddhist, 25 % Taoist, and 43 % atheists. As predicted, the socially oriented cultural conception of SWB was found to be highest among Buddhists, followed in order by Taoists, atheists, and Christians. It was concluded that the various religious groups achieved SWB in different ways.


Religion Subjective well-being Buddhism Taoism Christianity 



This project was supported by grants from the Taiwan Ministry of Science and Techonology (100-2410-H-037-003-MY2 and 102-2410-H-017-003-SS).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yung-Jong Shiah
    • 1
  • Frances Chang
    • 2
  • Shih-Kuang Chiang
    • 3
  • Wai-Cheong Carl Tam
    • 4
  1. 1.Graduate Institute of Counseling Psychology and Rehabilitation CounselingNational Kaohsiung Normal UniversityKaohsiungTaiwan
  2. 2.Applied Foreign LanguagesChienkuo Technology UniversityChanghua CityTaiwan
  3. 3.Clinical and Counseling Psychology DepartmentNational Dong Hwa UniversityShoufengTaiwan
  4. 4.Psychology DepartmentChung Yuan Christian UniversityJhongliTaiwan

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