Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp 435–448 | Cite as

Validation of the Portuguese Version of the Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality (BMMRS-P) in Clinical and Non-clinical Samples

  • Cristiane Schumann Silva CurcioEmail author
  • Giancarlo Lucchetti
  • Alexander Moreira-Almeida
Original Paper


Despite Brazil’s high levels of religious involvement, there is a scarcity of validated religiousness/spirituality (R/S) measures in Portuguese, particularly multidimensional ones. This study presents the validation of the Portuguese version of the “Brief Multidimensional Measure in Religiousness and Spirituality” (BMMRS) within the Brazilian context. Inpatients (262) and caregivers (389) at two hospitals of Brazil answered the BMMRS, the DUREL-p, and a sociodemographic questionnaire. The internal and convergent validity and test–retest reliability for major dimensions were good. Discriminant validity was high (except for the Forgiveness dimension). The Portuguese version of the BMMRS is a reliable and valid instrument to assess multiple R/S dimensions in clinical and non-clinical samples.


Validation studies Religion Spirituality Psychometric Measures 



We would like to thank the psychology students Amanda Oliveira, Juliana Blaser, Lilith Gomes, Ludmila Miquelito, Nayara Benevenuto, Reilia Keith and Tiago Nunes who helped with data collection; Dr. José Vitor Vaz and MSc. Amanda Tostes for the translation and cultural adaptation of the BMMRS-p and Dr. Miguel Farias for his valuable contributions in the writing of this article. Cristiane Schumann received a master’s degree scholarship grant through “The National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq)” in Brazil.

Conflicts of interest

We declare that we have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristiane Schumann Silva Curcio
    • 1
    Email author
  • Giancarlo Lucchetti
    • 1
  • Alexander Moreira-Almeida
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Center in Spirituality and Health, School of MedicineFederal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF)Juiz de ForaBrazil

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