Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 35–45 | Cite as

Religion and Health: Anxiety, Religiosity, Meaning of Life and Mental Health

  • Yung-Jong Shiah
  • Frances Chang
  • Shih-Kuang Chiang
  • I-Mei Lin
  • Wai-Cheong Carl Tam
Original Paper


We examined the association among anxiety, religiosity, meaning of life and mental health in a nonclinical sample from a Chinese society. Four hundred fifty-one Taiwanese adults (150 males and 300 females) ranging in age from 17 to 73 years (M = 28.9, SD = 11.53) completed measures of Beck Anxiety Inventory, Medical Outcomes Study Health Survey, Perceived Stress Scale, Social Support Scale, and Personal Religiosity Scale (measuring religiosity and meaning of life). Meaning of life has a significant negative correlation with anxiety and a significant positive correlation with mental health and religiosity; however, religiosity does not correlate significantly anxiety and mental health after controlling for demographic measures, social support and physical health. Anxiety explains unique variance in mental health above meaning of life. Meaning of life was found to partially mediate the relationship between anxiety and mental health. These findings suggest that benefits of meaning of life for mental health can be at least partially accounted for by the effects of underlying anxiety.


Anxiety Chinese Meaning of life Mental health Religiosity Stress 



This project was supported by a grant from the Kaohsiung Medical University Research Foundation (KMU-Q099033) and the National Science Council (100-2410-H-037-003-MY2).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yung-Jong Shiah
    • 1
  • Frances Chang
    • 2
  • Shih-Kuang Chiang
    • 3
  • I-Mei Lin
    • 4
  • Wai-Cheong Carl Tam
    • 5
  1. 1.Graduate Institute of Counseling Psychology and Rehabilitation CounselingNational Kaohsiung Normal UniversityKaohsiungTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Applied Foreign LanguagesChienkuo Technology UniversityChanghuaTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Counseling and Clinical PsychologyNational Dong Hwa UniversityShoufeng, HualienTaiwan
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyKaohsiung Medical UniversityKaohsiungTaiwan
  5. 5.Department of PsychologyChung Yuan Christian UniversityChungliTaiwan

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