Advertisement

Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 56, Issue 5, pp 1600–1604 | Cite as

The Foot-Reading Cult of Japan

  • Anand N. Bosmia
  • Arpan N. Bosmia
  • R. S. Tubbs
Original Paper

Abstract

Ho-no-Hana-Sanpogyo was a Japanese new religious movement referred to as the “foot-reading cult” in the media. Its founder, Fukunaga Hogen, claimed to have divine authority and the ability to diagnose physical illness by studying the soles of an individual’s feet. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the history of Ho-no-Hana-Sanpogyo and Fukunaga’s practice of foot reading.

Keywords

Foot Cult Japan Jesus Buddha 

References

  1. BBC News. (2000). Leaders of foot cult arrested. Accessed December, 2012 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/741515.stm.
  2. BBC News. (2000). Foot-reader fined for fraud. Accessed December, 2012 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/1087178.stm.
  3. Cassileth, B. R. (2011). The complete guide to complementary therapies in cancer care: Essential information for patients, survivors and health professionals (p. 354). Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chryssides, G. D. (2001). The a to z of new religious movements (p. 389). Lanham: Scarecrow Press, Inc.Google Scholar
  5. Clarke, P. B. (Ed.). (2006). Encyclopedia of new religious movements (p. 794). New York: Psychology Press. Google Scholar
  6. Getzlaff, J. A. (2000). Japanese court throws book at foot cult. Accessed December, 2012 from http://www.salon.com/2000/05/09/toes/.
  7. Hindell, J. (2000). Japan ‘foot cult’ leader defrauded women of £20,000. Accessed December, 2012 from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/japan/1370845/Japan-foot-cult-leader-defrauded-women-of-20000.html.
  8. Japan Times. (2005). Honohana foot-cult guru gets 12 years for fraud. Accessed December, 2012 from http://www.japantimes.co.jp/text/nn20050716a3.html.
  9. Prohl, I., & Nelson, J. (Eds.). (2012). Handbook of contemporary Japanese religions (p. 651). Boston: Brill Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  10. Ristuccia, B. (2007). Sokushin do: Traditional Japanese foot massage and reflexology. Accessed December, 2012 from http://www.yotsumedojo.com/Yotsume%20Anma%20Dojo/sokushindo.htm.
  11. Shimazono, S. (2004). From salvation to spirituality: Popular religious movements in modern Japan (pp. 234–235). Melbourne: Trans Pacific Press.Google Scholar
  12. Staemmler, B., & Dehn, U. M. (Eds.). (2011). Establishing the revolutionary: An introduction to new religions in Japan (p. 397). Hamburg: LIT Verlag Münster.Google Scholar
  13. St. Petersburg Times. (2000). Foot cult fined. Accessed December, 2012 from www.sptimes.ru/archive/pdf/632.pdf.
  14. Watts, J. (2000). Tokyo cults in Japan con public with alternative health remedies. Lancet, 355(9217), 1797.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. West, M. D. (2007). Secrets, sex, and spectacle: The rules of scandal in Japan and the United States (p. 404). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anand N. Bosmia
    • 1
  • Arpan N. Bosmia
    • 1
  • R. S. Tubbs
    • 1
  1. 1.Pediatric Neurosurgery, Ambulatory Care CenterChildren’s of AlabamaBirminghamUSA

Personalised recommendations