Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 53, Issue 2, pp 413–423 | Cite as

Religion and Suicide Risk in Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Austrians

  • Karl KralovecEmail author
  • Clemens Fartacek
  • Reinhold Fartacek
  • Martin Plöderl
Original Paper


Religion is known to be a protective factor against suicide. However, religiously affiliated sexual minority individuals often report a conflict between religion and sexual identity. Therefore, the protective role of religion against suicide in sexual minority people is unclear. We investigated the effect of religion on suicide risk in a sample of 358 lesbian, gay and bisexual Austrians. Religion was associated with higher scores of internalized homophobia, but with fewer suicide attempts. Our data indicate that religion might be both a risk and a protective factor against suicidality in religiously affiliated sexual minority individuals.


Suicide Religion Homosexuality Internalized homophobia 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karl Kralovec
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  • Clemens Fartacek
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Reinhold Fartacek
    • 1
    • 2
  • Martin Plöderl
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Suicide Prevention Research ProgramParacelsus Medical UniversitySalzburgAustria
  2. 2.Department of Suicide PreventionUniversity Clinic of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Christian-Doppler-KlinikSalzburgAustria
  3. 3.University Institute for Clinical PsychologyParacelsus Medical University and Christian-Doppler-KlinikSalzburgAustria
  4. 4.Sonderauftrag für Suizidprävention, Christian-Doppler-KlinikSalzburgAustria

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