Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 53, Issue 2, pp 382–392 | Cite as

Religious/Spiritual Well-Being, Personality and Mental Health: A Review of Results and Conceptual Issues

  • H. F. Unterrainer
  • A. J. Lewis
  • A. Fink
Original Paper


The current paper provides background to the development of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-being and then summarises findings derived from its use with other measures of health and personality. There is substantial evidence for religiosity/spirituality being positively related to a variety of indicators of mental health, including subjective well-being and personality dimensions. Furthermore, religiosity/spirituality can play an important role in the process of recovering from mental illness as well as providing a protective function against addictive or suicidal behaviours. However, further research is needed to examine the mechanisms through which religiosity/spirituality have an impact on health-related conditions.


Mental health Personality factors Religious coping Spirituality Subjective well-being 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Integrative Addiction Research (Grüner Kreis Society/ARS)ViennaAustria
  2. 2.Institute of PsychologyKarl-Franzens-UniversityGrazAustria
  3. 3.Faculty of Health, School of PsychologyDeakin UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  4. 4.Biological Psychology, Institute of PsychologyKarl-Franzens-UniversityGrazAustria

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