Advertisement

Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 53, Issue 1, pp 79–85 | Cite as

Study of the Spiritual Intelligence Role in Predicting University Students’ Quality of Life

  • Mustafa Bolghan-AbadiEmail author
  • Fatemeh Ghofrani
  • Mohammad Saeed Abde-Khodaei
Original Paper

Abstract

The aim of the study is to investigate the spiritual intelligence role in predicting Quchan University students’ quality of life. In order to collect data, a sample of 143 students of Quechan University was selected randomly enrolled for 89–90 academic year. The instruments of the data collecting are World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) and Spiritual Intelligence Questionnaire. For analyzing the data, the standard deviation, and Pearson’s correlation coefficient in descriptive level, and in inferential level, the regression test was used. The results of the study show that the spiritual intelligence has effective role on predicting quality of life.

Keywords

Intelligence Spirituality Spiritual intelligence Quality of life 

References

  1. Abdollah Zadeh, H. (2009). Making and normalizing of the Spiritual Intelligence Questionnaire. Tehran: Ravansanji Publication.Google Scholar
  2. Ahmad, F., binti Muhammad, M., & Abdullah, A. A. (2011). Religion and spirituality in coping with advanced breast cancer: Perspectives from Malaysian Muslim women. Journal of Religion and Health, 50(1), 36–45.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Atchley, R. C. (2002). The subjective importance of being religious and its effect on health and morale. Journal of Aging studies, 11, 131–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bagheri, F., Akbarizadeh, F., & Hatami, H. (2010). The relationship between nurses’ spiritual intelligence and happiness in Iran. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5(2010), 1556–1561.Google Scholar
  5. Bahrami Ehsan, H., & Tashk, A. (2007). Dimensions of relationship between religious orientation with mental health and assessment of religious orientation scale. The Journal of Psychology and Educational Sciences, 34(2), 41–63.Google Scholar
  6. Bekelman, D. B., Dy, S. M., Becker, D. M., Wittstein, I. S., Hendricks, D. E., Yamashita, T. E., et al. (2007). Spiritual well-being and depression in patients with heart failure. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 22(4), 470–477.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bolghan-Abadi, M., Soltani Shal, R., & Abde-Khodaei, M. (2009). The impact of collective pray on quality of life and meaningfully of life among university students. Paper presented at the 1st Student National Congress on: Social Determinants of Health, Medical Sciences University of Tehran, Iran.Google Scholar
  8. Bolghan-Abadi, M., Soltani Shal, R., Abde-Khodaei, M. S., & Aghamohammadian Sharbaf, H. R. (2010a). The effectiveness of spirituality on life orientation and satisfaction in university students. Paper presented at the Health Congress from the Perspective of the Holy Quran, University of Medical Sciences of Tehran, Iran.Google Scholar
  9. Bolghan-Abadi, M., Soltani Shal, R., Abde-Khodaei, M. S., & Aghamohammadian Sharbaf, H. R. (2010b). Survey the relation between collective pray with quality of life, happiness and incidence of psychological disorder in university students. Paper presented at the Health Congress from the Perspective of the Holy Quran, University of Medical Sciences of Tehran, Iran.Google Scholar
  10. Chamratrithirong, A., Miller, B. A., Byrnes, H. F., Rhucharoenpornpanich, O., Cupp, P. K., Rosati, M. J., et al. (2010). Spirituality within the family and the prevention of health risk behavior among adolescents in Bangkok Thailand. Social Science and Medicine, 71(2010), 1855–1863.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Corey, G. (2008). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy (8th ed.). New York: Brooks/Cole Pub.Google Scholar
  12. Corsini, R. (2001). Innovative therapy (2nd ed.). New York: John Wiley.Google Scholar
  13. Cotton, S., Kudel, I., Roberts, Y. H., Pallerla, H., Tsevat, J., Succop, P., et al. (2009). Spiritual well-being and mental health outcomes in adolescents with or without inflammatory bowel disease. Journal of Adolescent Health, 44(5), 485–492.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Darvish-Poor Kakhaki, A., Abed-Saeidi, Z., Delavar, A., & Saeid-o-Zakerin, S. (2009). Measures of health status and quality of life among elderly. Research in Medicine (Journal of Medicine Faculty) Medical University and Healthy Services of Shahid Beheshti, 33(3), 162–173.Google Scholar
  15. Emmons, R. A. (1999). The psychology of ultimate concerns: motivation and spirituality in personality. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  16. Ghobari Bonab, B., Salimi, M., Soleymani, L., & Nori Moghadam, S. (2007). The spiritual intelligence. The Journal of Religious Modern Thought, 3(10), 125–147.Google Scholar
  17. Jafari, B. S., Mosavi, R., Fathi Ashtiani, A., & Khoshabi, K. (2011). The effectiveness of positive parenting program on the mental health of mothers with children suffering from attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Family Research, 6(4), 497–510.Google Scholar
  18. Jafari, E., Najafi, M., & Sohrabi, F. (2010). Life satisfaction, spirituality well-being and hope in cancer patients. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5(2010), 1362–1366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kliewer, W., & Murrelle, L. (2007). Risk and protective factors for adolescent substance use: Findings from a study in selected Central American countries. Journal of Adolescent Health, 40(5), 448–455.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Leach, M. M., & Russell, L. (2004). Does spirituality add to personality in the study of trait forgiveness? Personality and Individual Differences, 37(2004), 147–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Macdonald, J. J. (2002). Spiritual health in older men. Paper presented at the Interactive Seminar on Older Men and Community Building.Google Scholar
  22. Maltby, J., & Day, L. (2004). Should never the twain meet? Integrating models of religious personality and religious mental health. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 1275–1290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. McClain, C. S., Rosenfeld, B., & Breitbart, W. (2003). Effect of spiritual well-being on end-of-life despair in terminally-ill cancer patients. Lancet, 361(9369), 1603–1607.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Moalemi, S., Bakhshani, N., & Raghibi, M. (2010a). The Survey of the relationship between mental health, spiritual intelligence, and dysfunctional thinks among Sistan and Baloochestan University Students. Quarterly of Fundaments of the Mental Health, 12(48), 12–23.Google Scholar
  25. Moalemi, S., Raghibi, M., & Salari Dargi, Z. (2010b). Comparison of the spiritual intelligence and mental health among addict and non-addict individuals. The Journal of Medical Science University of Shahid Sodoghi of Yazd, 18(3), 234–242.Google Scholar
  26. Nejat, S., Montazeri, A., Halakooyi Naeini, K., Mohammad, K., & Majd Zadeh, S. R. (2006). Validation and normalization world health organization quality of life questionary Scientific Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, 4(4), 1–12.Google Scholar
  27. Nelson-Jones, R. (2004). Cognitive humanistic therapy: Buddhism, Christianity, and being fully human. London: Thousands oaks New Delhi.Google Scholar
  28. Park, N. S., Lee, B. S., Sun, F., Klemmack, D. L., Roff, L. L., & Koenig, H. G. (2011). Typologies of religiousness/spirituality: Implications for health and well-being. Journal of Religion and Health. doi: 10.1007/s10943-011-9520-6.
  29. Rasic, D., Robinson, J. A., Bolton, J., Bienvenu, O. J., & Sareen, J. (2011). Longitudinal relationships of religious worship attendance and spirituality with major depression, anxiety disorders, and suicidal ideation and attempts: Findings from the Baltimore epidemiologic catchment area study. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 45(6), 848–854.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Shaw, I. (2008). Society and mental health: the place of religion. Mental Health Review Journal, 13(1), 4–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sohrabian, T. (2000). The study of the relationship between religious attitude with rate of the individual and social adjustment among high school students in Lorestan province. Tehran: Postgraduate Alzahra University.Google Scholar
  32. Tajeri, B., & Bahirayi, A. R. (2008). The survey of the relationship between stress, religious attitude, and awareness of the acceptance of the exceptional children in mothers. Research in Exceptional Children, 8(2), 205–224.Google Scholar
  33. Von Bertalanffy, L. (1976). General system theory: Foundations, development, applications (rev ed.). New York: George Braziller.Google Scholar
  34. Wallace, J. M., Yamaguchi, R., Bachman, J. G., O’Malley, P. M., Schulenberg, J. E., & Johnston, L. D. (2007). Religiosity and adolescent substance use: The role of individual and contextual influences. Social Problems, 54(2), 308–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. WHOQOL. (1998). Development of the world health organization WHO QOL-BREF: Quality of life assessment. Psychological Medicine, 28, 551–558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mustafa Bolghan-Abadi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fatemeh Ghofrani
    • 2
  • Mohammad Saeed Abde-Khodaei
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychology Department, Faculty of Educational Sciences and PsychologyFerdowsi University of MashhadMashhadIran
  2. 2.Azad University of QuchanQuchanIran

Personalised recommendations