Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 1075–1097 | Cite as

A Methodological Review of Faith-Based Health Promotion Literature: Advancing the Science to Expand Delivery of Diabetes Education to Black Americans

  • Kelley NewlinEmail author
  • Susan MacLeod Dyess
  • Emily Allard
  • Susan Chase
  • Gail D’Eramo Melkus
Original Paper


Non-traditional avenues, such as faith-based organizations (FBOs), must be explored to expand delivery of diabetes self-management education (DSME) to benefit Black Americans with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The purpose of this study was to methodologically review the faith-based health promotion literature relevant to Blacks with T2D. A total of 14 intervention studies were identified for inclusion in the review. These studies detailed features of methods employed to affect health outcomes that DSME similarly targets. Analysis of the faith-based studies’ methodological features indicated most studies used (1) collaborative research approaches, (2) pre-experimental designs, (3) similar recruitment and retention strategies, and (4) culturally sensitive, behaviorally oriented interventions with incorporation of social support to achieve positive health outcomes in Black Americans. Findings indicate FBOs may be a promising avenue for delivering DSME to Black Americans. Informed by the findings, a focused discussion on advancing the science of faith-based interventions to expand delivery of DSME to Black Americans with diabetes is provided.


Diabetes Faith-based Black Americans 



This study was supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Institute of Nursing Research (Grant F32NR008190) and the NIH National Center for Research Resources, NYU Clinical Translational Science Institute (Grant UL1RR029893).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kelley Newlin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Susan MacLeod Dyess
    • 2
  • Emily Allard
    • 2
  • Susan Chase
    • 3
  • Gail D’Eramo Melkus
    • 1
  1. 1.College of NursingNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Christine E. Lynn College of NursingFlorida Atlantic UniversityBoca RatonUSA
  3. 3.College of NursingUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA

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